Genetic Counseling Considerations in Molecular Diagnosis View Full Text


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Chapter Info

DATE

2006

AUTHORS

Myra I. Roche

ABSTRACT

The focus of this chapter is to discuss the clinical and counseling applications of molecular genetic testing. Genetic Counseling is a term most strictly applied to the communication process in which individuals and families engage with specially trained health professionals in a process of education and counseling in reference to a disability, disease, or trait that might be caused by a genetic change. This service has historically been performed in conjunction with the provision of clinical genetic services. Genetic counselors are specifically trained health professionals, certifiable by nationally recognized boards, to perform genetic counseling. Concurrent with the expansion of the molecular diagnostic laboratory capabilities to detect genetic changes, the role of genetic counselors has evolved in the more than 30 yr since its professional inception and now includes practitioners in a variety of settings, including clinical, academic, laboratory, research, industry, and public health. An extensive body of literature has accumulated relevant to the practice of genetic counseling, much of it generated by researchers in fields other than medical or clinical genetics. The literature represents a heterogeneous mixture of disciplines, philosophical and cultural assumptions, methodology, and populations sampled.The clinical applications of genetic testing and the resulting genetic counseling considerations are presented in the context of the practice of clinical genetics services. Because valid interpretations of the literature depend on an appreciation for the differences in the education, training, and practice philosophies of those engaged in genetic counseling as well as the social and cultural mileu surrounding these services in different countries, these are described. The unique features of the genetic counseling process, misconceptions about its goals, and its historical and philosophical roots in the United States are summarized. More... »

PAGES

525-544

Book

TITLE

Molecular Diagnostics

ISBN

978-1-58829-356-5
978-1-59259-928-8

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1385/1-59259-928-1:525

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1385/1-59259-928-1:525

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052218359


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