Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Polychlorinated Biphenyls from Fish Tissue View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2000-04-20

AUTHORS

John R. Williams , Anthony A. Clifford , Michael O. Gaylor , Robert C. Hale

ABSTRACT

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are of great concern to the scientific and regulatory communities due to their tendency to accumulate to toxic levels in the edible tissues of fish and other organisms (1–4). PCBs are nonpolar compounds that can partition into the lipid reservoirs of edible tissues causing damage to ecosystems and human health (5,6). Despite significant progress in environmental reform, extraction methodologies required to isolate PCBs continue to rely heavily on environmentally deleterious liquid organic solvent extraction methods such as Soxhlet extraction, sonication, and column elution (7–9). These techniques are laborious, tedious, analyte-nonselective, and require copious volumes of organic solvents. Common solvents are typically toxic or flammable and ultimately must be disposed of as hazardous waste. Traditional solvent extracts obtained require multiple postextraction purification steps, such as gel permeation chromatography (GPC), florisil, and silica column clean-up (10). These steps contribute further to the hazardous waste disposal problem facing environmental laboratories. The entire process is paradoxical in that it contradicts the intended goal of these procedures, that of improving environmental quality. More... »

PAGES

41-53

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1986-12. Accumulation of sediment-bound PCBs by fiddler crabs in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1983-11. DDTs and PCB isomers and congeners in antarctic fish in ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1992-10. Determination of PCBs in biological samples using on-line SFE-GC in JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
  • 1991-12. Sample preparation by supercritical fluid extraction in environmental food and polymer analysis in CHROMATOGRAPHIA
  • Book

    TITLE

    Supercritical Fluid Methods and Protocols

    ISBN

    1-59259-030-6

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1385/1-59259-030-6:41

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1385/1-59259-030-6:41

    DIMENSIONS

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