Impact of Surgically-Induced Weight Loss on Respiratory Function: A Prospective Analysis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-11

AUTHORS

Andrea Dávila-Cervantes, Guillermo Domínguez-Cherit, Delia Borunda, Rosa Gamino, Florencia Vargas-Vorackova, Jorge González-Barranco, Miguel F Herrera

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity (MO) causes several degrees of respiratory impairment that may resolve after weight reduction. The aims of the present study were to investigate the frequency of respiratory impairment in a selected cohort of morbidly obese patients with BMI 40-50 kg/m(2) with no respiratory symptoms and to evaluate the impact of surgically-induced weight loss on respiratory function. METHODS: Prospective analysis of respiratory impairment was conducted before surgery and 1 year after surgery in a cohort of patients with MO who underwent vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG). 30 consecutive patients with MO who underwent VBG (14 open and 16 laparoscopic) in a 1-year period were studied. Respiratory function tests, arterial blood gases and hemoglobin were obtained in all patients before and 1 year after VBG. RESULTS: Results were analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test and Spearman for variables without normal distribution. Mean age was 35+/-8 years; there were 3 males and 27 females. BMI was 44+/-4 kg/m(2) before surgery and 32+/-4 kg/m(2) at 1-year follow-up. By respiratory function tests, the diagnosis of obstructive disease was made before surgery in 4 patients and a restrictive disorder was identified in 4 additional patients. Evidence of pulmonary disease was absent in all patients 1 year after surgery. Forced vital capacity, inspiratory and expiratory forces, tidal volume, SaO(2), and PaCO(2) significantly improved after weight reduction. CONCLUSION: Surgically-induced weight loss significantly improves pulmonary function. More... »

PAGES

1389-1392

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1381/0960892042583996

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1381/0960892042583996

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028787073

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15603656


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45 schema:description BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity (MO) causes several degrees of respiratory impairment that may resolve after weight reduction. The aims of the present study were to investigate the frequency of respiratory impairment in a selected cohort of morbidly obese patients with BMI 40-50 kg/m(2) with no respiratory symptoms and to evaluate the impact of surgically-induced weight loss on respiratory function. METHODS: Prospective analysis of respiratory impairment was conducted before surgery and 1 year after surgery in a cohort of patients with MO who underwent vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG). 30 consecutive patients with MO who underwent VBG (14 open and 16 laparoscopic) in a 1-year period were studied. Respiratory function tests, arterial blood gases and hemoglobin were obtained in all patients before and 1 year after VBG. RESULTS: Results were analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test and Spearman for variables without normal distribution. Mean age was 35+/-8 years; there were 3 males and 27 females. BMI was 44+/-4 kg/m(2) before surgery and 32+/-4 kg/m(2) at 1-year follow-up. By respiratory function tests, the diagnosis of obstructive disease was made before surgery in 4 patients and a restrictive disorder was identified in 4 additional patients. Evidence of pulmonary disease was absent in all patients 1 year after surgery. Forced vital capacity, inspiratory and expiratory forces, tidal volume, SaO(2), and PaCO(2) significantly improved after weight reduction. CONCLUSION: Surgically-induced weight loss significantly improves pulmonary function.
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