Stress-corrosion cracking of a monel 400 tube View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-12

AUTHORS

A. I. Katsamas, G. N. Haidemenopoulos, A. D. Zervaki, I. Melas

ABSTRACT

A bent Ni-Cu Monel 400 alloy tube, which operated as part of a pipeline in a petrochemical distillery installation, failed by through-thickness cracking. The pipeline was used to carry a stream of gaseous hydrocarbons containing hydrochloric acid (HCl) into a reaction tower. The tower provided a caustic solution (NaOH) to remove HCl from the stream, before the latter was directed to a burner. Metallographic examination showed that the cracks were intergranular and were frequently branched. Although nominal chemical composition of the component was found within the specified range, electron dispersive analysis by X-ray (EDXA) indicated significant segregation of sulfur and chlorine on grain boundaries. Failure was attributed to hypochlorous-acid (HClO)-induced stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). The HClO was formed by the reaction of HCl with atmospheric O2, and the oxygen entered the tube during shutdowns/startups of the installation. Residual stresses, originating from the in situ bend forming of the tube during assembly of the line, provided a driving force for crack growth, and the segregation of sulfur on grain boundaries enhanced the susceptibility of the material to cracking. More... »

PAGES

44-50

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1361/15477020421764

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1361/15477020421764

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034731403


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