Production of titanium deposits by cold-gas dynamic spray: Numerical modeling and experimental characterization View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2006-06

AUTHORS

T. Marrocco, D. G. McCartney, P. H. Shipway, A. J. Sturgeon

ABSTRACT

Over the past five years, interest in cold-gas dynamics spraying (CGDS) has increased substantially. Considerable effort has been devoted to process development and optimization for such metals as copper and aluminium. This paper describes work undertaken to expand the understanding of the deposition of titanium by cold-spray methods. CGDS deposits have been produced from commercially pure titanium using room-temperature helium gas. The effect of different powder paticle size ranges, types of substrate, substrate preparation methods, and spray parameter conditions on powder deposition have been investigated. Microhardness testing of deposits was conducted, and their microstructures have been examined by scanning electron microscopy. Samples for pull-off bond-strength tests have been prepared from a number of the more promising sets of spray parameters and adhesive strengths determined. A one-dimensional numerical model of particle acceleration, employing isentropic gas flow behavior in the nozzle, has also been used to estimate particle exit velocities. This model explicitly addresses the dependence of the drag coefficient on gas compressibility and demonstrates its significance in terms of predicted particel velocities. By linking this model with the measured particle size distributions, estimates of particle velocity distributions at the nozzle exit plane have been computed. These allow an approximate value of the critical velocity for deposition of titanium to be made. Experimental observations on the microstructure and properties of the deposits are discussed in light of powder particle size and velocity distributions and the underlying physical and mechanical properties of the powders and substrates. More... »

PAGES

263-272

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1996-03. Structure of aluminum powder coatings prepared by cold gasdynamic spraying in METAL SCIENCE AND HEAT TREATMENT
  • 2003-06. On some aspects of gas dynamics of the cold spray process in JOURNAL OF THERMAL SPRAY TECHNOLOGY
  • 2005-03. Cold gas dynamic spraying of aluminum: The role of substrate characteristics in deposit formation in JOURNAL OF THERMAL SPRAY TECHNOLOGY
  • 1998-06. Gas dynamic principles of cold spray in JOURNAL OF THERMAL SPRAY TECHNOLOGY
  • 2002-12. An analysis of the cold spray process and its coatings in JOURNAL OF THERMAL SPRAY TECHNOLOGY
  • 1999-12. Particle velocity and deposition efficiency in the cold spray process in JOURNAL OF THERMAL SPRAY TECHNOLOGY
  • 1999-12. Impact of high velocity cold spray particles in JOURNAL OF THERMAL SPRAY TECHNOLOGY
  • 2001-09. Effect of the increase in the entrance convergent section length of the gun nozzle on the high-velocity oxygen fuel and cold spray process in JOURNAL OF THERMAL SPRAY TECHNOLOGY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1361/105996306x108219

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1361/105996306x108219

    DIMENSIONS

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    136 schema:name School of Mechancial, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Nottingham, University Park, NG7 2RD, Nottingham, UK
    137 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




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