Effects of spray conditions on coating formation by the kinetic spray process View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2005-09

AUTHORS

Taeyoung Han, Zhibo Zhao, Bryan A. Gillispie, John R. Smith

ABSTRACT

The kinetic spray coating process involves impingement of a substrate by particles of various material types at high velocities. In the process, particles are injected into a supersonic gas stream and accelerated to high velocities. A coating forms when the particles become plastically deformed and bond to the substrate and to one another upon collision with the substrate. Coating formation by the kinetic spray process can be affected by a number of process parameters. In the current study, several spray variables were investigated through computational modeling and experiments. The examined variables include the temperature and pressure of the primary gas, the cross-sectional area of the nozzle throat, the nozzle standoff distance from a substrate, and the surface condition of nozzle interior and the powder gas flow. Experimental verification on the effects of these variables was performed primarily using relatively large-size aluminum particles (63–90 µm) as the feedstock material. It was observed that the coating formation is largely controlled by two fundamental variables of the sprayed particles: particle velocity and particle temperature. The effects of different spray conditions on coating formation by the kinetic spray process can be generally interpreted through their influences on particle velocity and/or particle temperature. Though it is limited to accelerate large particles to high velocities using compressed air or nitrogen as carrier gas, increasing particle temperature provides an additional means that can effectively enhance coating formation by the kinetic spray process. More... »

PAGES

373-383

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1996-03. Structure of aluminum powder coatings prepared by cold gasdynamic spraying in METAL SCIENCE AND HEAT TREATMENT
  • 2003-06. On some aspects of gas dynamics of the cold spray process in JOURNAL OF THERMAL SPRAY TECHNOLOGY
  • 1998-06. Gas dynamic principles of cold spray in JOURNAL OF THERMAL SPRAY TECHNOLOGY
  • 1999-12. Impact of high velocity cold spray particles in JOURNAL OF THERMAL SPRAY TECHNOLOGY
  • 1999-12. Particle velocity and deposition efficiency in the cold spray process in JOURNAL OF THERMAL SPRAY TECHNOLOGY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1361/105996305x59369

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1361/105996305x59369

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