Biosynthesis of Cellulose by Acetobacter Xylinum. III. X-Ray Studies of Preferential Orientation of the Crystallites in a Bacterial Cellulose Membrane View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1975-03

AUTHORS

Jisuke Hayashi, Mitsuo Takai, Sadayoshi Watanabe, Yasushi Tsuta

ABSTRACT

In an undried membrane of bacterial cellulose, it is not clear from X-ray analysis whether well-defined cellulose crystallites with a definite orientation exist or not. There is, however, a tendency toward the formation of a preferential orientation as water is removed from a membrane. Membranes stretched along one direction showed a uniaxial orientation. Membranes dried with a flat surface parallel to a glass plate provided a typical selective uniplanar orientation of the (101) crystallographic plane. It was noticed that a drying membrane adheres to a glass plate, and that shrinkage occurs only normally to a glass plate.It was recognized that liquids contained in the swollen membranes may influence the preferential orientation of bacterial cellulose upon drying; these liquids can be classified into two broad categories. One is a group of liquids such as acetone and pyridine which give a higher selective uniplanar orientation than water, and the other is a group such as carbon tetrachloride and cyclohexane which disturb the formation of orientation. More... »

PAGES

157

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1295/polymj.7.157

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1295/polymj.7.157

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048099634


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