Metastasis to the Thyroid Gland: A Critical Review View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-06

AUTHORS

Iain J. Nixon, Andrés Coca-Pelaz, Anna I. Kaleva, Asterios Triantafyllou, Peter Angelos, Randall P. Owen, Alessandra Rinaldo, Ashok R. Shaha, Carl E. Silver, Alfio Ferlito

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Metastasis to the thyroid gland from nonthyroid sites is an uncommon clinical presentation in surgical practice. The aim of this review was to assess its incidence management and outcomes. METHODS: A literature review was performed to identify reports of metastases to the thyroid gland. Both clinical and autopsy series were included. RESULTS: Metastases to the gland may be discovered at the time of diagnosis of the primary tumor, after preoperative investigation of a neck mass, or on histologic examination of a thyroidectomy specimen. The most common primary tumors in autopsy studies are from the lung. In clinical series, renal cell carcinoma is most common. For patients with widespread metastases in the setting of an aggressive malignancy, surgery is rarely indicated. However, when patients present with an isolated metastasis diagnosed during follow-up of indolent disease, surgery may achieve control of the central neck and even long-term cure. Other prognosticators include features of the primary tumor, time interval between initial diagnosis and metastasis, and extrathyroid extent of disease. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with thyroid metastases, communication among clinicians treating the thyroid and the index primary tumor is essential. The setting is complex, and decisions must be made considering the features of the primary tumor, overall burden of metastases, and comorbidities. Careful balancing of these factors influences individualized approaches. More... »

PAGES

1533-1539

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1245/s10434-016-5683-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1245/s10434-016-5683-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064470817

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27873099


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