Model-Based Conditional Weighted Residuals Analysis for Structural Model Assessment View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-05

AUTHORS

Moustafa M. A. Ibrahim, Sebastian Ueckert, Svetlana Freiberga, Maria C. Kjellsson, Mats O. Karlsson

ABSTRACT

Nonlinear mixed effects models are widely used to describe longitudinal data to improve the efficiency of drug development process or increase the understanding of the studied disease. In such settings, the appropriateness of the modeling assumptions is critical in order to draw correct conclusions and must be carefully assessed for any substantial violations. Here, we propose a new method for structure model assessment, based on assessment of bias in conditional weighted residuals (CWRES). We illustrate this method by assessing prediction bias in two integrated models for glucose homeostasis, the integrated glucose-insulin (IGI) model, and the integrated minimal model (IMM). One dataset was simulated from each model then analyzed with the two models. CWRES outputted from each model fitting were modeled to capture systematic trends in CWRES as well as the magnitude of structural model misspecifications in terms of difference in objective function values (ΔOFVBias). The estimates of CWRES bias were used to calculate the corresponding bias in conditional predictions by the inversion of first-order conditional estimation method's covariance equation. Time, glucose, and insulin concentration predictions were the investigated independent variables. The new method identified correctly the bias in glucose sub-model of the integrated minimal model (IMM), when this bias occurred, and calculated the absolute and proportional magnitude of the resulting bias. CWRES bias versus the independent variables agreed well with the true trends of misspecification. This method is fast easily automated diagnostic tool for model development/evaluation process, and it is already implemented as part of the Perl-speaks-NONMEM software. More... »

PAGES

34

Journal

TITLE

The AAPS Journal

ISSUE

3

VOLUME

21

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1208/s12248-019-0305-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1208/s12248-019-0305-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112436206

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30815754


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