Basic of US patents and the patent system View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2007-09

AUTHORS

George Elliott

ABSTRACT

The patent system plays an important role in stimulating the economy and advancing the quality of life in the United States. It serves as an incentive for innovation by giving inventors an exclusive right to their inventions for a limited period of time. It also increases and hastens the publication of useful knowledge by requiring inventors to disclose their invention to the public. Patents are particularly important in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries because they provide a mechanism by which the extremely high product development costs may be recouped. The United States Patent and Trademark Office acts as a gatekeeper in the patent system to prevent patents that do not meet the legal requirements from being thrust on the public. The legal requirements for obtaining a patent are discussed, particularly as they relate to pharmaceutical and biotechnological inventions. The process of examining an application for a patent is briefly described, along with some of the burdens faced by examiners when deciding the patentability of therapy-related inventions. More... »

PAGES

e317-e324

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1208/aapsj0903035

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1208/aapsj0903035

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006362870

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17915834


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1801", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Law", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/18", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Law and Legal Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Biotechnology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Patents as Topic", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Pharmaceutical Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Quality of Life", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "United States", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "United States Patent and Trademark Office", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.431422.2", 
          "name": [
            "United States Patent and Trademark Office, Technology Center 1600 (biotechnology, oraanic chemicals and pharmaceuticals), PO Box 1450, 22313-1450, Alexandria, VA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Elliott", 
        "givenName": "George", 
        "id": "sg:person.01160466050.28", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01160466050.28"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2007-09", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2007-09-01", 
    "description": "The patent system plays an important role in stimulating the economy and advancing the quality of life in the United States. It serves as an incentive for innovation by giving inventors an exclusive right to their inventions for a limited period of time. It also increases and hastens the publication of useful knowledge by requiring inventors to disclose their invention to the public. Patents are particularly important in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries because they provide a mechanism by which the extremely high product development costs may be recouped. The United States Patent and Trademark Office acts as a gatekeeper in the patent system to prevent patents that do not meet the legal requirements from being thrust on the public. The legal requirements for obtaining a patent are discussed, particularly as they relate to pharmaceutical and biotechnological inventions. The process of examining an application for a patent is briefly described, along with some of the burdens faced by examiners when deciding the patentability of therapy-related inventions.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1208/aapsj0903035", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1021863", 
        "issn": [
          "1234-1234", 
          "1550-7416"
        ], 
        "name": "The AAPS Journal", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "9"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Basic of US patents and the patent system", 
    "pagination": "e317-e324", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "1e4ef45544e89889eda72b2b711cdc7376d642a554094f35d14caf292327b897"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "17915834"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101223209"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1208/aapsj0903035"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1006362870"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1208/aapsj0903035", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006362870"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T20:44", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8684_00000498.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1208/aapsj0903035"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1208/aapsj0903035'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1208/aapsj0903035'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1208/aapsj0903035'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1208/aapsj0903035'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

93 TRIPLES      20 PREDICATES      35 URIs      27 LITERALS      15 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1208/aapsj0903035 schema:about Nafbc11dd888b40b8b0486b0f3ce15a4f
2 Nbd7c0ddae3b24fc6b90ee2681eb4d53c
3 Nc9833968665f47eb98034a5ffce02f45
4 Ndce288e9653547deab6c5a0aa18aa391
5 Nec4b78914cf74a469cf25f7ad41d298d
6 Nf2f4d4ad18f44edd9d6054e7624d3253
7 anzsrc-for:18
8 anzsrc-for:1801
9 schema:author N69be117b40164bb4b1ef0ae8d5fcf51e
10 schema:datePublished 2007-09
11 schema:datePublishedReg 2007-09-01
12 schema:description The patent system plays an important role in stimulating the economy and advancing the quality of life in the United States. It serves as an incentive for innovation by giving inventors an exclusive right to their inventions for a limited period of time. It also increases and hastens the publication of useful knowledge by requiring inventors to disclose their invention to the public. Patents are particularly important in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries because they provide a mechanism by which the extremely high product development costs may be recouped. The United States Patent and Trademark Office acts as a gatekeeper in the patent system to prevent patents that do not meet the legal requirements from being thrust on the public. The legal requirements for obtaining a patent are discussed, particularly as they relate to pharmaceutical and biotechnological inventions. The process of examining an application for a patent is briefly described, along with some of the burdens faced by examiners when deciding the patentability of therapy-related inventions.
13 schema:genre research_article
14 schema:inLanguage en
15 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
16 schema:isPartOf N487650232138488c9931113359369a75
17 N5de918f07c3748aa94faa3eff34fe304
18 sg:journal.1021863
19 schema:name Basic of US patents and the patent system
20 schema:pagination e317-e324
21 schema:productId N2cbdb01da51348c899bcad3f40d95ba6
22 N41bce796b5984cbe85dc5ef5677084d9
23 N5849536008e942709ca1f1c68aeffc69
24 N59149ae5e6e74363a6846ed8c160a54b
25 Nb50f298f66c6489e8f6279ff9993c32a
26 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006362870
27 https://doi.org/10.1208/aapsj0903035
28 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T20:44
29 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
30 schema:sdPublisher N9975103d683d418889d64484f326619b
31 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1208/aapsj0903035
32 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
33 sgo:sdDataset articles
34 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
35 N2cbdb01da51348c899bcad3f40d95ba6 schema:name readcube_id
36 schema:value 1e4ef45544e89889eda72b2b711cdc7376d642a554094f35d14caf292327b897
37 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
38 N41bce796b5984cbe85dc5ef5677084d9 schema:name doi
39 schema:value 10.1208/aapsj0903035
40 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
41 N487650232138488c9931113359369a75 schema:volumeNumber 9
42 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
43 N5849536008e942709ca1f1c68aeffc69 schema:name nlm_unique_id
44 schema:value 101223209
45 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
46 N59149ae5e6e74363a6846ed8c160a54b schema:name pubmed_id
47 schema:value 17915834
48 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
49 N5de918f07c3748aa94faa3eff34fe304 schema:issueNumber 3
50 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
51 N69be117b40164bb4b1ef0ae8d5fcf51e rdf:first sg:person.01160466050.28
52 rdf:rest rdf:nil
53 N9975103d683d418889d64484f326619b schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
54 rdf:type schema:Organization
55 Nafbc11dd888b40b8b0486b0f3ce15a4f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
56 schema:name Humans
57 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
58 Nb50f298f66c6489e8f6279ff9993c32a schema:name dimensions_id
59 schema:value pub.1006362870
60 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
61 Nbd7c0ddae3b24fc6b90ee2681eb4d53c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
62 schema:name Patents as Topic
63 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
64 Nc9833968665f47eb98034a5ffce02f45 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
65 schema:name Biotechnology
66 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
67 Ndce288e9653547deab6c5a0aa18aa391 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
68 schema:name Pharmaceutical Services
69 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
70 Nec4b78914cf74a469cf25f7ad41d298d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
71 schema:name Quality of Life
72 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
73 Nf2f4d4ad18f44edd9d6054e7624d3253 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
74 schema:name United States
75 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
76 anzsrc-for:18 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
77 schema:name Law and Legal Studies
78 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
79 anzsrc-for:1801 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
80 schema:name Law
81 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
82 sg:journal.1021863 schema:issn 1234-1234
83 1550-7416
84 schema:name The AAPS Journal
85 rdf:type schema:Periodical
86 sg:person.01160466050.28 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.431422.2
87 schema:familyName Elliott
88 schema:givenName George
89 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01160466050.28
90 rdf:type schema:Person
91 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.431422.2 schema:alternateName United States Patent and Trademark Office
92 schema:name United States Patent and Trademark Office, Technology Center 1600 (biotechnology, oraanic chemicals and pharmaceuticals), PO Box 1450, 22313-1450, Alexandria, VA
93 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...