Evaluating estimators of the numbers of females with cubs-of-the-year in the yellowstone grizzly bear population View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2007-06

AUTHORS

Steve Cherry, Gary C. White, Kim A. Keating, Mark A. Haroldson, Charles C. Schwartz

ABSTRACT

Current management of the grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) population in Yellowstone National Park and surrounding areas requires annual estimation of the number of adult female bears with cubs-of-the-year. We examined the performance of nine estimators of population size via simulation. Data were simulated using two methods for different combinations of population size, sample size, and coefficient of variation of individual sighting probabilities. We show that the coefficient of variation does not, by itself, adequately describe the effects of capture heterogeneity, because two different distributions of capture probabilities can have the same coefficient of variation. All estimators produced biased estimates of population size with bias decreasing as effort in creased. Based on the simulation results we recommend the Chao estimator for model Mh be used to estimate the number of the female bears with cubs of the year; however, the estimator of Chao and Shen may also be useful depending on the goals of the research. More... »

PAGES

195

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2004-09. Nonparametric prediction in species sampling in JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL, BIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL STATISTICS
  • 1998-12. Non-parametric MLE for Poisson species abundance models allowing for heterogeneity between species in ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECOLOGICAL STATISTICS
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