Comparative genomics reveals the unique evolutionary status of Plasmodiophora brassicae and the essential role of GPCR signaling pathways View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Kai Bi, Tao Chen, Zhangchao He, Zhixiao Gao, Ying Zhao, Huiquan Liu, Yanping Fu, Jiatao Xie, Jiasen Cheng, Daohong Jiang

ABSTRACT

Plasmodiophora brassicae is an important biotrophic eukaryotic plant pathogen and a member of the rhizarian protists. This biotrophic pathogen causes clubroot in cruciferous plants via novel intracellular mechanisms that are markedly different from those of other biotrophic organisms. To date, genomes from six single spore isolates of P. brassicae have been sequenced. An accurate description of the evolutionary status of this biotrophic protist, however, remains lacking. Here, we determined the draft genome of the P. brassicae ZJ-1 strain. A total of 10,951 protein-coding genes were identified from a 24.1 Mb genome sequence. We applied a comparative genomics approach to prove the Rhizaria supergroup is an independent branch in the eukaryotic evolutionary tree. We also found that the GPCR signaling pathway, the versatile signal transduction to multiple intracellular signaling cascades in response to extracellular signals in eukaryotes, is significantly enriched in P. brassicae-expanded and P. brassicae-specific gene sets. Additionally, treatment with a GPCR inhibitor relieved the symptoms of clubroot and significantly suppressed the development of plasmodia. Our findings suggest that GPCR signal transduction pathways play important roles in the growth, development, and pathogenicity of P. brassicae. More... »

PAGES

12

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s42483-019-0018-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s42483-019-0018-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112593570


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