Microemboli versus hypoperfusion as an etiology of acute ischemic stroke in Egyptian patients with watershed zone infarction View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Ahmed ElSadek, Ahmed Gaber, Hossam Afifi, Sherin Farag, Nouran Salaheldien

ABSTRACT

Background: Brain perfusion is most likely to be impaired in border zone regions, and clearance of emboli will be most impaired in these regions of least blood flow. Severe occlusive disease of the internal carotid artery causes both embolization and decreased perfusion as well as some cardiac diseases that cause microembolization. Objectives: To differentiate between hypoperfusion and microemboli as etiology of acute ischemic stroke in watershed zone. Subject and methods: Fifty patients of acute ischemic stroke in watershed zones were recruited within 7 days from stroke onset. Methods used were transcranial Doppler (TCD) monitoring for the intracranial vessels to detect microembolic signals and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) perfusion image to detect hypoperfusion signs. Results: We detect embolic causes of watershed infarction (WSI) by using TCD with 61.1% sensitivity and 84.4% specificity and hypoperfusion causes of WSI by using MRI perfusion studies with 94.9% sensitivity and 54.5% specificity. Conclusion: We detected the etiology of WSI, either embolic by using TCD or hypoperfusion by using MRI perfusion. The embolic causes of WSI usually cause external or mixed WSI, and hypoperfusion causes of WSI cause internal WSI. More... »

PAGES

2

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s41983-018-0045-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41983-018-0045-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111202711

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30679900


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