Literature review to characterize the empirical basis for response scale selection in pediatric populations View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

April N. Naegeli, Jennifer Hanlon, Katharine S. Gries, Shima Safikhani, Anna Ryden, Mira Patel, Mabel Crescioni, Margaret Vernon

ABSTRACT

Background: Despite the importance of response option selection for patient-reported outcome measures, there seems to be little empirical evidence for the selected scale type. This article provides an overview of the published research on response scale types and empirical support within pediatric populations. Methods: A comprehensive review of the scientific literature was conducted to identify response scale option types appropriate for use in pediatric populations and to review and summarize the available empirical evidence for each scale type. Results: Eleven review/consensus guideline/expert opinion articles and 20 empirical articles that provided guidance or evidence regarding pediatric response scale selection were identified. There was general consensus that 5-point verbal rating scales, including Likert scales, were appropriate for children aged 7 or 8 and older, while graphical or faces scales are often used in pediatric studies with children of younger ages. Conclusion: In general, the verbal rating scale, numeric rating scale, visual analogue scale, and graphical scales have each demonstrated to be reliable and valid response option formats in specific contexts among pediatric populations; however, their appropriateness is dependent upon sample age. When selecting response scales, it is important to consider target population and context of use during the development of patient-reported outcome measures, especially with respect to tense, recall period, attribution, number of options, etc. In addition to age, cognitive development is an important aspect to consider for optimizing pediatric self-reported measures. More research is needed to determine clinically relevant changes and differences within pediatric research, which includes different response scale options. More... »

PAGES

39

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s41687-018-0051-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41687-018-0051-8

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106805113

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30238084


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