Inter-hospital variation in the utilization of diagnostics and their proportionality in the management of adult community-acquired pneumonia View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Stefan M. T. Vestjens, Esther Wittermans, Simone M. C. Spoorenberg, Jan C. Grutters, Charlotte A. van Ruitenbeek, G. Paul Voorn, Willem Jan W. Bos, Ewoudt M. W. van de Garde

ABSTRACT

Background: Utilization of diagnostics and biomarkers are the second largest cost drivers in the management of patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The present study aimed to systematically assess the inter-hospital variation in these cost drivers in relation to antibiotic use in CAP. Methods: Detailed resource utilization data from 300 patients who participated in a multicenter placebo-controlled trial investigating dexamethasone as adjunctive treatment for community-acquired pneumonia was grouped into 3 categories: clinical chemistry testing, radiological exams, and microbiological testing. Based on the identified top 5 items per category, average costs were calculated per category and per hospital. Antibiotic de-escalation at day 3 and secondary ICU admission were assessed as outcomes for proportionality of diagnostics use. Results: The mean costs for diagnostics varied between hospitals from 350 (SD 31) to 841 (SD 37) euro per patient (p < 0.001). This difference was primarily explained by variation in costs for microbiological testing (mean 195 vs. 726 euro per patient, p < 0.001). There was no difference in number of secondary ICU admissions but there was an inverse association between the costs of microbiological testing and level of antibiotic de-escalation. De-escalation occurred most frequently in the hospital with the lowest cost for microbiological testing (48% vs. 30%; p = 0.018). The latter hospital had an automated physician alert system in place to consider a timely iv-to-oral switch of antibiotics. Conclusions: Large inter-hospital variation exists in resource utilization, mainly in microbiological diagnostics in the management of adult patients with community-acquired pneumonia. A counterintuitive inverse association between the magnitude of these costs and the amount of antibiotic de-escalation was found. Future studies about the optimal cost-effective set of microbiological testing for antimicrobial stewardship in pneumonia patients should acknowledge the interaction between testing, way of communication of results and triggered physician alert systems. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01743755. More... »

PAGES

15

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s41479-018-0059-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41479-018-0059-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110770290

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30603378


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