Modified systemic inflammatory response syndrome and provider gestalt predicting adverse outcomes in children under 5 years presenting to an urban ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Meera R. Nariadhara, Hendry R. Sawe, Michael S. Runyon, Victor Mwafongo, Brittany L. Murray

ABSTRACT

Background: Modified systemic inflammatory response syndrome (mSIRS) criteria for the pediatric population together with the provider gestalt have the potential to predict clinical outcomes. However, this has not been studied in low-income countries. We investigated the ability of mSIRS and provider gestalt to predict mortality and morbidity among children presenting to the ED of a tertiary level hospital in Tanzania. Methods: This prospective observational study enrolled a convenience sample of children under 5 years old, presenting to the Emergency Medicine Department of Muhimbili National Hospital from September 2015 to April 2016. Trained researchers used a structured case report form to record patient demographics, clinical presentation, initial provider gestalt of severity of illness, and the mSIRS criteria. Primary outcomes were 24-h mortality and overall in-hospital mortality. Data was analyzed using simple descriptive statistics, Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and chi-squared tests. Results: We enrolled 1350 patients, median age 17 months (interquartile range 8-32 months), and 58% were male. Provider gestalt estimates of illness severity were recorded for all patients and 1030 (76.3%) had complete data for mSIRS categorization. Provider gestalt classified 97 (7.2%) patients as healthy, 546 (40.4%) as mildly ill, 457 (33.9%) as moderately ill, and 250 (18.5%) as severely ill. Of the patients, classifiable by mSIRS, 411/1030 (39.9%) had ≥ 2 mSIRS criteria. In predicting 24-h mortality, the ≥ 2 mSIRS and gestalt "severely ill" had sensitivities of 82% and 81%, respectively, and specificity of 61% and 84%, respectively. In predicting overall in-hospital mortality, the ≥ 2 mSIRS and gestalt "severely ill" had sensitivities of 66% and 70% with a specificity of 62% and 86% respectively. Conclusion: Both the mSIRS and provider gestalt were highly specific for predicting 24-h and overall in-hospital mortality in our patient population. The clinical utility of these assessment methods is limited by the low positive predictive value. More... »

PAGES

13

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s41182-019-0136-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41182-019-0136-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111842251

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30766443


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40 schema:description Background: Modified systemic inflammatory response syndrome (mSIRS) criteria for the pediatric population together with the provider gestalt have the potential to predict clinical outcomes. However, this has not been studied in low-income countries. We investigated the ability of mSIRS and provider gestalt to predict mortality and morbidity among children presenting to the ED of a tertiary level hospital in Tanzania. Methods: This prospective observational study enrolled a convenience sample of children under 5 years old, presenting to the Emergency Medicine Department of Muhimbili National Hospital from September 2015 to April 2016. Trained researchers used a structured case report form to record patient demographics, clinical presentation, initial provider gestalt of severity of illness, and the mSIRS criteria. Primary outcomes were 24-h mortality and overall in-hospital mortality. Data was analyzed using simple descriptive statistics, Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and chi-squared tests. Results: We enrolled 1350 patients, median age 17 months (interquartile range 8-32 months), and 58% were male. Provider gestalt estimates of illness severity were recorded for all patients and 1030 (76.3%) had complete data for mSIRS categorization. Provider gestalt classified 97 (7.2%) patients as healthy, 546 (40.4%) as mildly ill, 457 (33.9%) as moderately ill, and 250 (18.5%) as severely ill. Of the patients, classifiable by mSIRS, 411/1030 (39.9%) had ≥ 2 mSIRS criteria. In predicting 24-h mortality, the ≥ 2 mSIRS and gestalt "severely ill" had sensitivities of 82% and 81%, respectively, and specificity of 61% and 84%, respectively. In predicting overall in-hospital mortality, the ≥ 2 mSIRS and gestalt "severely ill" had sensitivities of 66% and 70% with a specificity of 62% and 86% respectively. Conclusion: Both the mSIRS and provider gestalt were highly specific for predicting 24-h and overall in-hospital mortality in our patient population. The clinical utility of these assessment methods is limited by the low positive predictive value.
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