Household ownership and utilization of insecticide-treated nets under the Regional Artemisinin Resistance Initiative in Myanmar View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-07-31

AUTHORS

Thae Maung Maung, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Tin Oo, Swai Mon Oo, Than Naing Soe, Aung Thi, Khin Thet Wai

ABSTRACT

Background: Malaria is a major public health problem in Myanmar with reported artemisinin resistance. Myanmar promotes the use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) through the free delivery of long-lasting insecticide nets (LLINs) with target coverage of at least 80% in moderate and high-risk areas by 2014. Migrant people are at greater risk of malaria. They have significant barriers to health care services for febrile illness and malaria. Thus, a community-based survey was conducted among the migrant population to assess the ownership and utilization of bed nets (ITN/LLINs) for malaria. Methods: The study analyzed secondary data from a community-based malaria survey conducted in 2014 among migrant population in 30 randomly selected townships out of 52 Regional Artemisinin Resistance Initiative (RAI) townships. In each township, five migrant sites were randomly selected (total of 150 migrant sites). A total of 3933 households (approximately 125 households from each township) were selected. Results: Of 3923 households assessed, 97% had access to at least one bed net (any type), but only half had access to ITN/LLINs. Only 24% of households had adequate ITN/LLIN access (at least one ITN/LLIN per two persons). In terms of household utilization, 94.3% slept under a bed net (any type) the previous night. Only 43.4% slept under an ITN/LLIN. ITN/LLIN utilization in children under 5 years and pregnant women (high-malaria risk groups) was 45.3 and 46.6%, respectively. Of all nets, 31.3% had holes or had already undergone repairs. In terms of insecticide treatment status, 52.9% of bed nets were untreated and 35.9% of ITNs had not been treated with insecticide for more than a year. Conclusion: This study highlights poor access and high utilization of ITN/LLINs among migrant population, particularly among children and pregnant women. It highlights the need for improving bed net coverage and access to ITN/LLINs through bed net distributions and/or social marketing with the focus on migrant population and targeting of households with children and pregnant women. More... »

PAGES

27

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2015-10-06. Long-lasting insecticidal net source, ownership and use in the context of universal coverage: a household survey in eastern Rwanda in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2014-05-17. Spatial distribution, work patterns, and perception towards malaria interventions among temporary mobile/migrant workers in artemisinin resistance containment zone in BMC PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 2013-05-16. Evaluation of the 2011 long-lasting, insecticide-treated net distribution for universal coverage in Togo in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2015-06-04. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice about malaria and ITNs utilization among pregnant women in Shashogo District, Southern Ethiopia in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2015-05-21. Coverage, use and maintenance of bed nets and related influence factors in Kachin Special Region II, northeastern Myanmar in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2012-06-07. A stitch in time: a cross-sectional survey looking at long lasting insecticide-treated bed net ownership, utilization and attrition in SNNPR, Ethiopia in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2014-06-02. Challenges in universal coverage and utilization of insecticide-treated bed nets in migrant plantation workers in Myanmar in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2008-09-24. Bed net ownership, use and perceptions among women seeking antenatal care in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): Opportunities for improved maternal and child health in BMC PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 2018-03-23. Assessment of household ownership of bed nets in areas with and without artemisinin resistance containment measures in Myanmar in INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF POVERTY
  • 2009-05-21. How equitable is bed net ownership and utilisation in Tanzania? A practical application of the principles of horizontal and vertical equity in MALARIA JOURNAL
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    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105932709

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30083078


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