Awareness of malaria and treatment-seeking behaviour among persons with acute undifferentiated fever in the endemic regions of Myanmar View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-12-04

AUTHORS

Phyo Aung Naing, Thae Maung Maung, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Tin Oo, Khin Thet Wai, Aung Thi

ABSTRACT

Background: Myanmar has a high burden of malaria with two-third of the population at risk of malaria. One of the basic elements of the Roll Back Malaria Initiative to fight against malaria is early diagnosis and treatment within 24 h of fever. Public awareness about malaria is a key factor in malaria prevention and control and in improving treatment-seeking behaviour. Methods: A large community-based survey was carried out in 27 townships of malaria endemic regions in Myanmar in 2015 which reported on the knowledge, behaviour and practices around malaria in the general population. We used the data already collected in this survey to assess (i) general public awareness of malaria and (ii) treatment-seeking behaviour and associated factors among persons with acute undifferentiated fever. Results: A total of 6597 respondents from 6625 households were interviewed (response rate of 99.5%). About 85% of the respondents were aware that mosquito bite was the mode of transmission of malaria and 90% mentioned that malaria was preventable. However, only 16% of the respondents knew about anti-malaria drug resistance. There were certain misconceptions about the transmission of malaria such as dirty water, same blood group, sharing shelter, sleeping/eating together and poor hygiene. Health facility staff were the most common source of information about malaria (80%). Nearly one-fourth (23%) of the respondents with fever resorted to self-medication. Around 28% of the respondents with fever underwent blood testing, less than half of whom (44%) were tested within 24 h. Elderly age group, females, those with poor knowledge about malaria and those residing in non-Regional Artemisinin Resistance Initiative townships were associated with poor treatment-seeking behaviour in case of fever. Conclusion: Although there is fair knowledge on mosquito bite as a mode of transmission and prevention of malaria, there are some misconceptions about transmission of malaria. Those having poor knowledge about malaria have poor treatment-seeking behaviour. A considerable number of respondents seek care from informal care providers and seek care late. Thus, there is a need to promote awareness about the role of early diagnosis and appropriate treatment and address misconceptions about transmission of malaria. More... »

PAGES

31

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-07-15. The role of early detection and treatment in malaria elimination in MALARIA JOURNAL
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  • 2011-10. Inequalities in Care-seeking for Febrile Illness of Under-five Children in Urban Dhaka, Bangladesh in JOURNAL OF HEALTH, POPULATION AND NUTRITION
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  • 2016-10-18. Malaria incidence in Myanmar 2005–2014: steady but fragile progress towards elimination in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2017-04-08. Caregivers’ perception of malaria and treatment-seeking behaviour for under five children in Mandura District, West Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2016-07-25. Rural and urban disparities in health-seeking for fever in Myanmar: findings from a probability-based household survey in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2013-04-17. Community-directed educational intervention for malaria elimination in Bhutan: quasi-experimental study in malaria endemic areas of Sarpang district in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2010-12-30. Factors affecting treatment-seeking for febrile illness in a malaria endemic block in Boudh district, Orissa, India: policy implications for malaria control in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2009-07-29. Knowledge on the transmission, prevention and treatment of malaria among two endemic populations of Bangladesh and their health-seeking behaviour in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2015-12-23. Evaluation of the behaviour change communication and community mobilization activities in Myanmar artemisinin resistance containment zones in MALARIA JOURNAL
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s41182-017-0070-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41182-017-0070-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092264604

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29213208


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