Visualization of injectate spread of intercostal nerve block: a cadaveric study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Yuichi Ohgoshi, Yosuke Usui, Satoshi Terada, Yoshimasa Takeda, Aiji Ohtsuka, Kenjiro Matsuno, Yasuhisa Okuda

ABSTRACT

Intercostal nerve block and neurolysis are widely used procedures, but their injectate spread has not been well understood. Previous studies have reported unexpected outcomes (paravertebral or epidural anesthesia) and spinal cord injury after intercostal nerve block and neurolysis. To investigate a possible mechanism for these complications, we aimed to visualize the flow of liquid injected near the intercostal nerve, using cadavers. We performed a simulated intercostal nerve block study using two Thiel-embalmed cadavers. Dye was injected into the interfascial plane between the internal and innermost intercostal muscles under ultrasound guidance (blue, 10 ml) or under direct vision (green, 5 ml). Dye leakage began with injection of only 0.5–2 ml and occurred between the innermost intercostal muscle fibers. The dye injected around the intercostal nerve penetrated into the extrapleural space and reached the paravertebral space. Injectate placed around the intercostal nerve easily penetrate the extrapleural space and reach the paravertebral space. Intercostal nerve block or neurolysis has a risk of impairing at least the sympathetic chain and conceivably affecting the central nervous system. More... »

PAGES

65

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40981-018-0204-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40981-018-0204-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106829254


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