Cardiotoxicity of 5-fluorouracil and capecitabine in Chinese patients: a prospective study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Jianjun Peng, Chao Dong, Chang Wang, Weihua Li, Hao Yu, Min Zhang, Qun Zhao, Bo Zhu, Jun Zhang, Wenliang Li, Fenghua Wang, Qiong Wu, Wenhao Zhou, Ying Yuan, Meng Qiu, Gong Chen

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) and capecitabine-associated cardiotoxicity ranging from asymptomatic electrocardiography (ECG) abnormalities to severe myocardial infarction has been reported in a number of studies, but such cardiotoxicity in Chinese patients with malignant diseases has not been investigated to date. In the present study, we aimed to prospectively evaluate the incidence rates and clinical manifestations of 5-FU- and capecitabine-associated cardiotoxicity in cancer patients recruited from multiple centers in China. METHODS: Among the 527 patients who completed the study, 196 received 5-FU-based chemotherapy and 331 received capecitabine-based chemotherapy as either first-line or adjuvant therapy. Adverse events were reported during the treatment and up to 28 days of follow-up. Outcome measures included ECG, myocardial enzymes, cardiac troponin, brain natriuretic peptide and echocardiography. Univariate analysis and logistic regression were performed for subgroup analysis and identification of significant independent variables that are associated with cardiotoxicity of both agents. RESULTS: In total, 161 of 527 patients (30.6%) experienced cardiotoxicity. The incidence rate of cardiotoxicity was 33.8% (112/331) in the capecitabine group, which was significantly higher than the rate of 25% (49/196) in the 5-FU group (P = 0.0042). 110/527 patients (20.9%) suffered arrhythmia, 105/527 (19.9%) developed ischemic changes, while only 20/527 patients (3.8%) presented heart failure and 6/527 patients (1.1%) had myocardial infarction. Pre-existing cardiac disease, hypertension, capecitabine-based chemotherapy and duration of treatment were identified as significant risk factors associated with cardiotoxicity. The odds ratio were 15.7 (prior history of cardiac disease versus no history), 1.86 (capecitabine versus 5-FU), 1.06 (5-8 versus 1-4 chemotherapy cycles) and 1.58 (hypertension versus no hypertension), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiotoxicity induced by fluoropyrimidines in the Chinese population may be underestimated in clinical practice. Close monitoring of patients is recommended, especially for those patients at high risk for cardiotoxicity. Possible risk factors are duration of treatment, capecitabine-based chemotherapy, pre-existing cardiac diseases and hypertension. Trial registration This study was initiated on January 22, 2014 and has been retrospectively registered with the registration number ChiCTR1800015434. More... »

PAGES

22

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40880-018-0292-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40880-018-0292-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103954342

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29764506


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