Effectiveness of pharmacist intervention for deprescribing potentially inappropriate medications: a prospective observational study View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-04-05

AUTHORS

Takeshi Kimura, Misa Fujita, Michiko Shimizu, Kasumi Sumiyoshi, Saho Bansho, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Tomohiro Omura, Ikuko Yano

ABSTRACT

BackgroundPotentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) and polypharmacy in older adults lead to increase the risk of adverse drug events. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of pharmacist intervention combining the criteria for detecting PIMs with the deprescribing algorithm on correcting PIMs, reducing the number of medications, and readmissions.MethodsA prospective observational study was conducted at a Japanese University Hospital enrolling new inpatients aged ≥65 years prescribed ≥1 daily medication. Pharmacists detected PIMs based on the criteria combined the screening tool of older persons’ potentially inappropriate prescriptions criteria version 2 with the screening tool for older persons’ appropriate prescriptions for Japanese, examined changes using the deprescribing algorithm, and suggested changes to the physician. The proportion of patients whose number of medications was reduced at discharge and the rate of readmissions within 30 and 90 days were compared between patients without PIMs (without PIMs group), patients who were not suggested to change PIMs (no suggestions group), and patients who were suggested to change PIMs (suggested group).ResultsThe study enrolled 544 patients (median age 75.0 years, 54.4% males, median number of medications 6.0/patient). The number of patients with PIMs was 240 (44.1%), and 304 patients had no PIMs (without PIMs group). Among the patients with PIMs, 125 (52.1%) patients received pharmacist suggestions to change ≥1 PIMs (suggested group), and 115 patients received no suggestions for change (no suggestions group). The total number of PIMs was 432, of which changes were suggested for 189 (43.8%). Of these 189 cases, 172 (91.0%) were changed. The proportion of patients whose number of medications was reduced was significantly higher in the suggested group than in the without PIMs group and the no suggestions group [56.8% (71/125) vs. 26.6% (81/304) and 19.1% (22/115), respectively; P < 0.001 in both comparisons]. There were no significant differences in the rates of readmissions within 30 and 90 days among the three groups.ConclusionsPharmacist intervention combining the criteria for detecting PIMs with the deprescribing algorithm was effective for correcting PIMs and may be associated with a reduction in the number of medications. More... »

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12

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40780-022-00243-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40780-022-00243-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1146883375

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35382881


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