Asymptomatic versus symptomatic solid pseudopapillary tumors of the pancreas: clinical and MDCT manifestations View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Shudong Hu, Heng Zhang, Xian Wang, Zongqiong Sun, Yuxi Ge, Gen Yan, Changyong Zhao, Kemin Chen

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To delineate the features of multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) images and clinical characteristics of pancreatic solid pseudopapillary tumors (SPTs) of the pancreas in asymptomatic patients and compare these features and characteristics between asymptomatic and symptomatic patients. METHODS: This work is a retrospective study approved by our institutional review board. MDCT images and clinical data of 109 patients with pathologically proven SPTs obtained from October 2008 to October 2016 were reviewed. Patients were categorized into two groups: asymptomatic patients and patients with symptomatic disease. Cases were reviewed to determine the reason for detection, intervention, shape, diameter, location, calcification, encapsulation, internal composition, CT attenuation, enhancement pattern, and tumor pathology. Clinical factors and imaging features were also compared between groups. Statistical analysis was performed using χ2 and t-tests. RESULTS: Data from 49 asymptomatic and 60 symptomatic patients were collected. Asymptomatic SPTs were identified most frequently during routine health examination (18 patients, 36.7%), various screening purposes (12 patients, 24.5%), and traumatic injury (9 patients, 18.4%). Except for a smaller tumor size (5.8 cm in asymptomatic SPTs vs. 7.4 cm in symptomatic SPTs, P = 0.023), the clinical factors or imaging features of asymptomatic patients were very similar to those of symptomatic patients. CONCLUSIONS: The current research is the first single-center study to characterize SPTs in asymptomatic patients. Asymptomatic SPTs are gradually being identified with greater frequency. Although generally smaller in size than that in symptomatic patients, an asymptomatic pancreatic mass with the typical imaging features of SPT may be found, the treatment for which is similar to that for symptomatic patients. Evaluating asymptomatic SPTs requires further systematic and multi-center trials. More... »

PAGES

13

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40644-019-0198-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40644-019-0198-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112606603

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30845987


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44 schema:description BACKGROUND: To delineate the features of multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) images and clinical characteristics of pancreatic solid pseudopapillary tumors (SPTs) of the pancreas in asymptomatic patients and compare these features and characteristics between asymptomatic and symptomatic patients. METHODS: This work is a retrospective study approved by our institutional review board. MDCT images and clinical data of 109 patients with pathologically proven SPTs obtained from October 2008 to October 2016 were reviewed. Patients were categorized into two groups: asymptomatic patients and patients with symptomatic disease. Cases were reviewed to determine the reason for detection, intervention, shape, diameter, location, calcification, encapsulation, internal composition, CT attenuation, enhancement pattern, and tumor pathology. Clinical factors and imaging features were also compared between groups. Statistical analysis was performed using χ2 and t-tests. RESULTS: Data from 49 asymptomatic and 60 symptomatic patients were collected. Asymptomatic SPTs were identified most frequently during routine health examination (18 patients, 36.7%), various screening purposes (12 patients, 24.5%), and traumatic injury (9 patients, 18.4%). Except for a smaller tumor size (5.8 cm in asymptomatic SPTs vs. 7.4 cm in symptomatic SPTs, P = 0.023), the clinical factors or imaging features of asymptomatic patients were very similar to those of symptomatic patients. CONCLUSIONS: The current research is the first single-center study to characterize SPTs in asymptomatic patients. Asymptomatic SPTs are gradually being identified with greater frequency. Although generally smaller in size than that in symptomatic patients, an asymptomatic pancreatic mass with the typical imaging features of SPT may be found, the treatment for which is similar to that for symptomatic patients. Evaluating asymptomatic SPTs requires further systematic and multi-center trials.
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