Characterization of biochars produced from peanut hulls and pine wood with different pyrolysis conditions View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-12

AUTHORS

James W. Lee, Bob Hawkins, Michelle K. Kidder, Barbara R. Evans, A. C. Buchanan, Danny Day

ABSTRACT

Application of modern biomass pyrolysis methods for production of biofuels and biochar is potentially a significant approach to enable global carbon capture and sequestration. To realize this potential, it is essential to develop methods that produce biochar with the characteristics needed for effective soil amendment. Biochar materials were produced from peanut hulls and pine wood with different pyrolysis conditions, then characterized by cation exchange (CEC) capacity assays, nitrogen adsorption–desorption isotherm measurements, micro/nanostructural imaging, infrared spectra and elemental analyses. Under a standard assay condition of pH 8.5, the CEC values of the peanut hull-derived biochar materials, ranging from 6.22 to 66.56 cmol kg−1, are significantly higher than those of the southern yellow pine-derived biochar, which are near zero or negative. The biochar produced from peanut hulls with a steam activation process yielded the highest CEC value of 66.56 cmol kg−1, which is about 5 times higher than the cation exchange capacity (12.51 cmol kg−1) of a reference soil sample. Notably, biochar produced from peanut hulls with batch barrel retort pyrolysis also has a much higher CEC value (60.12 cmol kg−1) than that (12.45 cmol kg−1) from Eprida’s H2-producing continuous steam injection process. The CEC values were shown to correlate well with the ratios of oxygen atoms to carbon atoms (O:C ratios) in the biochar materials. The higher O:C ratio in a biochar material may indicate the presence of more hydroxyl, carboxylate, and carbonyl groups that contribute to a higher CEC value for the biochar product. In addition, the increase in surface area can also play a role in increasing the CEC value of biochar, as in the case of the steam activation char. Comparison of characterization results indicated that CEC value is determined not only by the type of the source biomass materials but also by the pyrolysis conditions. Biochar with the desirable characteristics of extremely high surface area (700 m2/g) and cation exchange capacity (> 60 cmol kg) was created through steam activation. More... »

PAGES

15

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2006-03. Bio-char Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems – A Review in MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES FOR GLOBAL CHANGE
  • 2013. Smokeless Biomass Pyrolysis for Producing Biofuels and Biochar as a Possible Arsenal to Control Climate Change in ADVANCED BIOFUELS AND BIOPRODUCTS
  • 2007-01. Charcoal effects on soil solution chemistry and growth of Koeleria macrantha in the ponderosa pine/Douglas-fir ecosystem in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 2013. Biochar Fertilizer for Soil Amendment and Carbon Sequestration in ADVANCED BIOFUELS AND BIOPRODUCTS
  • 2013. Selection and Use of Designer Biochars to Improve Characteristics of Southeastern USA Coastal Plain Degraded Soils in ADVANCED BIOFUELS AND BIOPRODUCTS
  • 2013-06. The potential feasibility for soil improvement, based on the properties of biochars pyrolyzed from different feedstocks in JOURNAL OF SOILS AND SEDIMENTS
  • 2007-05. A handful of carbon in NATURE
  • 2006-08. Putting the carbon back: Black is the new green in NATURE
  • 2005-01. Manioc peel and charcoal: a potential organic amendment for sustainable soil fertility in the tropics in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 2014-05. Successive straw biochar application as a strategy to sequester carbon and improve fertility: A pot experiment with two rice/wheat rotations in paddy soil in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2010-08. Ethylene: potential key for biochar amendment impacts in PLANT AND SOIL
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    DOI

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