Comparison of the ventilation characteristics in two adult oscillators: a lung model study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Tetsuya Yumoto, Takahisa Fujita, Sunao Asaba, Shunsuke Kanazawa, Atsunori Nishimatsu, Hideo Yamanouchi, Satoshi Nakagawa, Osamu Nagano

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Two recent large randomized controlled trials did not show the superiority of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) in adults with ARDS. These two trials had differing results, and possible causes could be the different oscillators used and their different settings, including inspiratory time % (IT%). The aims of this study were to obtain basic data about the ventilation characteristics in two adult oscillators and to elucidate the effect of the oscillator and IT% on ventilation efficiency. METHODS: The Metran R100 or SensorMedics 3100B was connected to an original lung model internally equipped with a simulated bronchial tree. The actual stroke volume (aSV) was measured with a flow sensor placed at the Y-piece. Carbon dioxide (CO2) was continuously insufflated into the lung model ([Formula: see text]CO2), and the partial pressure of CO2 (PCO2) in the lung model was monitored. Alveolar ventilation ([Formula: see text]A; L/min) was estimated as [Formula: see text]CO2 divided by the stabilized value of PCO2. [Formula: see text]A was evaluated with several stroke volume settings in the R100 (IT = 50%) or several airway pressure amplitude settings in the 3100B (IT = 33%, 50%) at a frequency of 6 and 8 Hz, a mean airway pressure of 25 cmH2O, and a bias flow of 30 L/min. Assuming that [Formula: see text]A = frequencya × aSVb, values of a and b were determined. Ventilation efficiency was calculated as [Formula: see text]A divided by actual minute ventilation. RESULTS: The relationship between aSV and [Formula: see text]A or ventilation efficiency were different depending on the oscillator and IT%. The values of a and b were 0 < a < 1 and 1 < b < 2 and were different for three conditions at both frequencies. [Formula: see text]A and ventilation efficiency were highest with R100 (IT = 50%) and lowest with 3100B (IT = 33%) for high aSV ranges at both frequencies. CONCLUSIONS: In this lung model study, ventilation characteristics were different depending on the oscillator and IT%. Ventilation efficiency was highest with R100 (IT = 50%) and lowest with 3100B (IT = 33%) for high aSV ranges. More... »

PAGES

15

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40635-019-0229-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40635-019-0229-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112739302

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30868327


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