The epidemiology of firearm injuries managed in US emergency departments View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Jacob B. Avraham, Spiros G. Frangos, Charles J. DiMaggio

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Firearm-related injuries cause significant morbidity and mortality in the United States (US), consuming resources and fueling political and public health discourse. Most analyses of firearm injuries are based on fatality statistics. Here, we describe the epidemiology of firearm injuries presenting to US emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Program Nationwide Emergency Department Survey (NEDS) from 2009 to 2012. NEDS is the largest all-payer ED survey in the US containing approximately 30 million annual records. Results include survey-adjusted counts, proportions, means, and rates, and confidence intervals of age-stratified ED discharges for firearm injuries. RESULTS: There were 71,111 (se = 613) ED discharges for firearm injuries in 2009; the absolute number increased 3.9% (se = 1.2) to 75,559 (se = 610) in 2012. 18-to-44-year-olds accounted for the largest proportion of total injuries with 52,187 (se = 527) in 2009 and 56,644 (se = 528) in 2012-a 7.2% (se = 1.6) relative rate increase and an absolute increase of 3.3/100,000 (se = 0.7). Firearm injuries among children < 5-years-old increase 16%, and 19% among children 5-to-9-years-old. 136,112 (se = 761)-or 48.2%-of those injured were treated and discharged home without admission; 106,927 (se = 755) were admitted. Firearm deaths represented one-third of all trauma mortality. Three-quarters of those injured resided in neighborhoods with median incomes below $49,250. CONCLUSIONS: Firearm injuries increased from 2009 to 2012, driven by adults aged 18-to-44-years-old, and disproportionately impacting lower socioeconomic communities. Injuries also increased among young children. Firearm injuries remain a continued public health challenge, and a significant source of ED morbidity and mortality. More... »

PAGES

38

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2012. Injury Severity Scaling in INJURY RESEARCH
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40621-018-0168-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40621-018-0168-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107247193

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30318556


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "New York University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.137628.9", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Surgery, Division of Acute Care and Trauma Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, 462 First Avenue, 15NBV, 10016, New York, NY, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Avraham", 
            "givenName": "Jacob B.", 
            "id": "sg:person.011730231707.36", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011730231707.36"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "New York University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.137628.9", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Surgery, Division of Acute Care and Trauma Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, 462 First Avenue, 15NBV, 10016, New York, NY, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Frangos", 
            "givenName": "Spiros G.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0624535620.03", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0624535620.03"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "New York University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.137628.9", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Surgery, Division of Acute Care and Trauma Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, 462 First Avenue, 15NBV, 10016, New York, NY, USA", 
                "Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "DiMaggio", 
            "givenName": "Charles J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01143674727.31", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01143674727.31"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/ip.7.4.334", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001892877"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.12930", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002060769"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2016.04.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007270838"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.7180", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016507686"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.282.5.447", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019025419"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4614-1599-2_14", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020905465", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1599-2_14"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2013-304642", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026059758"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031914-122535", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026584469"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2015.10.009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029946548"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e3181dbaddf", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033060970"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e3181dbaddf", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033060970"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2014.12.008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033759583"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2015.10.025", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036735752"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005628", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045686512"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1553-2712.2009.00554.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048431988"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1553-2712.2009.00554.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048431988"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199609000-00002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060208516"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199609000-00002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060208516"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199609000-00002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060208516"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005650-199706000-00005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060223382"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005650-199706000-00005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060223382"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005650-199706000-00005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060223382"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v009.i08", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068672148"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.13223", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085454043"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2018-12", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2018-12-01", 
        "description": "BACKGROUND: Firearm-related injuries cause significant morbidity and mortality in the United States (US), consuming resources and fueling political and public health discourse. Most analyses of firearm injuries are based on fatality statistics. Here, we describe the epidemiology of firearm injuries presenting to US emergency departments (EDs).\nMETHODS: We performed a retrospective study of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Program Nationwide Emergency Department Survey (NEDS) from 2009 to 2012. NEDS is the largest all-payer ED survey in the US containing approximately 30 million annual records. Results include survey-adjusted counts, proportions, means, and rates, and confidence intervals of age-stratified ED discharges for firearm injuries.\nRESULTS: There were 71,111 (se\u2009=\u2009613) ED discharges for firearm injuries in 2009; the absolute number increased 3.9% (se\u2009=\u20091.2) to 75,559 (se\u2009=\u2009610) in 2012. 18-to-44-year-olds accounted for the largest proportion of total injuries with 52,187 (se\u2009=\u2009527) in 2009 and 56,644 (se\u2009=\u2009528) in 2012-a 7.2% (se\u2009=\u20091.6) relative rate increase and an absolute increase of 3.3/100,000 (se\u2009=\u20090.7). Firearm injuries among children <\u20095-years-old increase 16%, and 19% among children 5-to-9-years-old. 136,112 (se\u2009=\u2009761)-or 48.2%-of those injured were treated and discharged home without admission; 106,927 (se\u2009=\u2009755) were admitted. Firearm deaths represented one-third of all trauma mortality. Three-quarters of those injured resided in neighborhoods with median incomes below $49,250.\nCONCLUSIONS: Firearm injuries increased from 2009 to 2012, driven by adults aged 18-to-44-years-old, and disproportionately impacting lower socioeconomic communities. Injuries also increased among young children. Firearm injuries remain a continued public health challenge, and a significant source of ED morbidity and mortality.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40621-018-0168-5", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.5053398", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1051462", 
            "issn": [
              "2197-1714"
            ], 
            "name": "Injury Epidemiology", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "5"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "The epidemiology of firearm injuries managed in US emergency departments", 
        "pagination": "38", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "597c7babeb813cd483dbc83ce5230b2410e46f14f445797b26741b60d4e27fc6"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "30318556"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "101652639"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1186/s40621-018-0168-5"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1107247193"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40621-018-0168-5", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107247193"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T19:17", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8678_00000566.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs40621-018-0168-5"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40621-018-0168-5'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40621-018-0168-5'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40621-018-0168-5'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40621-018-0168-5'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    140 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      47 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1186/s40621-018-0168-5 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
    2 anzsrc-for:1117
    3 schema:author Nfa872fd671704d6286b67313569398c7
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4614-1599-2_14
    5 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.282.5.447
    6 https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.7180
    7 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2014.12.008
    8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2015.10.025
    9 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2015.10.009
    10 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2016.04.002
    11 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199609000-00002
    12 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005650-199706000-00005
    13 https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e3181dbaddf
    14 https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.12930
    15 https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.13223
    16 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1553-2712.2009.00554.x
    17 https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2013-304642
    18 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005628
    19 https://doi.org/10.1136/ip.7.4.334
    20 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031914-122535
    21 https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v009.i08
    22 schema:datePublished 2018-12
    23 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-12-01
    24 schema:description BACKGROUND: Firearm-related injuries cause significant morbidity and mortality in the United States (US), consuming resources and fueling political and public health discourse. Most analyses of firearm injuries are based on fatality statistics. Here, we describe the epidemiology of firearm injuries presenting to US emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Program Nationwide Emergency Department Survey (NEDS) from 2009 to 2012. NEDS is the largest all-payer ED survey in the US containing approximately 30 million annual records. Results include survey-adjusted counts, proportions, means, and rates, and confidence intervals of age-stratified ED discharges for firearm injuries. RESULTS: There were 71,111 (se = 613) ED discharges for firearm injuries in 2009; the absolute number increased 3.9% (se = 1.2) to 75,559 (se = 610) in 2012. 18-to-44-year-olds accounted for the largest proportion of total injuries with 52,187 (se = 527) in 2009 and 56,644 (se = 528) in 2012-a 7.2% (se = 1.6) relative rate increase and an absolute increase of 3.3/100,000 (se = 0.7). Firearm injuries among children < 5-years-old increase 16%, and 19% among children 5-to-9-years-old. 136,112 (se = 761)-or 48.2%-of those injured were treated and discharged home without admission; 106,927 (se = 755) were admitted. Firearm deaths represented one-third of all trauma mortality. Three-quarters of those injured resided in neighborhoods with median incomes below $49,250. CONCLUSIONS: Firearm injuries increased from 2009 to 2012, driven by adults aged 18-to-44-years-old, and disproportionately impacting lower socioeconomic communities. Injuries also increased among young children. Firearm injuries remain a continued public health challenge, and a significant source of ED morbidity and mortality.
    25 schema:genre research_article
    26 schema:inLanguage en
    27 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    28 schema:isPartOf N15cc262272864feeac6c6b576aeb4b20
    29 N2015efc29bf0420bb6f66e245f088400
    30 sg:journal.1051462
    31 schema:name The epidemiology of firearm injuries managed in US emergency departments
    32 schema:pagination 38
    33 schema:productId N6a7798e13d2e4d839c9ee155d4fbbeed
    34 N78f2e2a4ec0c47af9d89e2fafb4f1af8
    35 N9bdebbb7520c45b0b90ee9dad0322a1c
    36 Na1b5df7ae4214bf6a61ef8113accc638
    37 Nbf3f74be2cda430a83da7c81eba5a3b0
    38 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107247193
    39 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40621-018-0168-5
    40 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T19:17
    41 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    42 schema:sdPublisher Ne6915e73164e427fb08b5fd22b7d15ef
    43 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs40621-018-0168-5
    44 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    45 sgo:sdDataset articles
    46 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    47 N15cc262272864feeac6c6b576aeb4b20 schema:volumeNumber 5
    48 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    49 N2015efc29bf0420bb6f66e245f088400 schema:issueNumber 1
    50 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    51 N6a7798e13d2e4d839c9ee155d4fbbeed schema:name readcube_id
    52 schema:value 597c7babeb813cd483dbc83ce5230b2410e46f14f445797b26741b60d4e27fc6
    53 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    54 N78f2e2a4ec0c47af9d89e2fafb4f1af8 schema:name dimensions_id
    55 schema:value pub.1107247193
    56 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    57 N7cf145ad7330458eb0c6f9c30e86c53e rdf:first sg:person.0624535620.03
    58 rdf:rest N887170dab2514c41aefa74c56116fa61
    59 N887170dab2514c41aefa74c56116fa61 rdf:first sg:person.01143674727.31
    60 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    61 N9bdebbb7520c45b0b90ee9dad0322a1c schema:name pubmed_id
    62 schema:value 30318556
    63 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    64 Na1b5df7ae4214bf6a61ef8113accc638 schema:name doi
    65 schema:value 10.1186/s40621-018-0168-5
    66 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    67 Nbf3f74be2cda430a83da7c81eba5a3b0 schema:name nlm_unique_id
    68 schema:value 101652639
    69 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    70 Ne6915e73164e427fb08b5fd22b7d15ef schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    71 rdf:type schema:Organization
    72 Nfa872fd671704d6286b67313569398c7 rdf:first sg:person.011730231707.36
    73 rdf:rest N7cf145ad7330458eb0c6f9c30e86c53e
    74 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    75 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    76 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    77 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    78 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
    79 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    80 sg:grant.5053398 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s40621-018-0168-5
    81 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    82 sg:journal.1051462 schema:issn 2197-1714
    83 schema:name Injury Epidemiology
    84 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    85 sg:person.01143674727.31 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.137628.9
    86 schema:familyName DiMaggio
    87 schema:givenName Charles J.
    88 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01143674727.31
    89 rdf:type schema:Person
    90 sg:person.011730231707.36 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.137628.9
    91 schema:familyName Avraham
    92 schema:givenName Jacob B.
    93 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011730231707.36
    94 rdf:type schema:Person
    95 sg:person.0624535620.03 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.137628.9
    96 schema:familyName Frangos
    97 schema:givenName Spiros G.
    98 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0624535620.03
    99 rdf:type schema:Person
    100 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4614-1599-2_14 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020905465
    101 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1599-2_14
    102 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    103 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.282.5.447 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019025419
    104 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    105 https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.7180 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016507686
    106 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    107 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2014.12.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033759583
    108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    109 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2015.10.025 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036735752
    110 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    111 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2015.10.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029946548
    112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    113 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2016.04.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007270838
    114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    115 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199609000-00002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060208516
    116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    117 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005650-199706000-00005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060223382
    118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    119 https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e3181dbaddf schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033060970
    120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    121 https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.12930 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002060769
    122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    123 https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.13223 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085454043
    124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    125 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1553-2712.2009.00554.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048431988
    126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    127 https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2013-304642 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026059758
    128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    129 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005628 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045686512
    130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    131 https://doi.org/10.1136/ip.7.4.334 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001892877
    132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    133 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031914-122535 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026584469
    134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    135 https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v009.i08 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068672148
    136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    137 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.137628.9 schema:alternateName New York University
    138 schema:name Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    139 Department of Surgery, Division of Acute Care and Trauma Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, 462 First Avenue, 15NBV, 10016, New York, NY, USA
    140 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...