Association of parental body mass index (BMI) with child’s health behaviors and child’s BMI depend on child’s age View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Che Young Lee, Tracey A. Ledoux, Craig A. Johnston, Guadalupe X. Ayala, Daniel P. O’Connor

ABSTRACT

Parent’s and child’s body mass index (BMI) are strongly associated, but their relationship varies by child’s sex and age. Parental BMI reflects, among other factors, parents’ behaviors and home environment, which influence their child’s behaviors and weight. This study examined the indirect effect of parent’s BMI on child’s BMI via child health behaviors, conditional on child’s sex and age. Data from 2039 children and 1737 parents from eight cities of the U.S. involved in the Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration project tested the association between parental BMI and child’s percentage of 95th BMI percentile (%BMIp95). A generalized structural equation modeling approach to path analysis was used to estimate and test simultaneously the associations among parental BMI and child’s health behaviors and BMI across three age groups (preschool 2-4 yr., elementary 5-10 yr., and middle school 11-12 yr). Child’s health behaviors were examined as mediators. Parental BMI was related to %BMIp95 across all age groups, and was strongest in 11-12 yr. children. Parental BMI was positively associated with boys’ fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and girls’ sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake. Compared to 2-4 yr., older children had less FVs and physical activity, more screen time and SSB, and higher %BMIp95. Mediation effects were not significant. Parental BMI was associated with child’s %BMIp95 and some child behaviors, and this association was stronger in older children; older children also exhibited less healthy behaviors. Age- and sex-specific interventions that focus on age-related decreases in healthy behaviors and parental strategies for promoting healthy behaviors among at-risk children are needed to address this epidemic of childhood obesity. More... »

PAGES

11

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1998-08. Influence of diet, physical activity and parents’ obesity on children’s adiposity: a four-year longitudinal study in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY
  • 2015-12. Parental correlations of physical activity and body mass index in young children- the GECKO Drenthe cohort in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  • 2014-08. Mother’s body mass index and food intake in school-aged children:  results of the GINIplus and the LISAplus studies in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
  • 2009-08. Prediction of BMI Change in Young Children with the Family Nutrition and Physical Activity (FNPA) Screening Tool in ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2012-12. Associations Among Parent Acculturation, Child BMI, and Child Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in a Hispanic Sample in JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
  • 2010-01. The genetic and environmental influences on childhood obesity: a systematic review of twin and adoption studies in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY
  • 2003-07. Association between fruit and vegetable intake and change in body mass index among a large sample of children and adolescents in the United States in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY
  • 2016-09. Physical activity in young children and their parents–An Early STOPP Sweden–China comparison study in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2014-10. Hierarchical analysis of dietary, lifestyle and family environment risk factors for childhood obesity: the GRECO study in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
  • 2008-12. Does parenting affect children's eating and weight status? in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  • 1999-12. Parent–child relationship of physical activity patterns and obesity in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY
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