Wind tunnel measurements of turbulent boundary layer flows over arrays of ribs and cubes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Ziwei Mo, Chun-Ho Liu

ABSTRACT

Understanding the effect of building morphology on the flow aloft is important to the ventilation and pollutant removal in cities. This study examines the dynamics over hypothetical urban areas in isothermal conditions using wind tunnel experiments. Different configurations of rib-type and cube-type arrays are designed to model hypothetical rough urban surfaces. The mean and fluctuating velocities are measured by hot-wire anemometry with X-wire probes. The results show that significant variations of fluctuating velocities and momentum fluxes are clearly observed in the near-wall region, depicting the inhomogeneous flow in response to the presence of roughness elements in the lower part of turbulent boundary layer. Comparing the variables over different rough surfaces, the roof-level fluctuating velocities and momentum fluxes increase with increasing surface roughness. Quadrant analyses and frequency spectra collectively suggest that the fresh air entrainment and aged air removal are enhanced over rougher surfaces. Larger energy-carrying turbulence motions contribute mostly to the more efficient ventilation over urban areas. More... »

PAGES

16

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Geoscience Letters

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

5

Author Affiliations

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40562-018-0115-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40562-018-0115-x

    DIMENSIONS

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