Structural change of the frustule of diatom by thermal treatment View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Akane Arasuna, Masayuki Okuno

ABSTRACT

The external skeleton, frustule, of a diatom is composed of hydrous amorphous silica and amino acids. In this study, the structural changes in the frustule of Chaetoceros calcitrans after thermal treatment up to 1200 °C were investigated using X-ray diffraction and attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. Their structural changes after thermal treatment give important information to elucidate the unheated structure of the frustule and its crystallization process. In addition, this study is almost the first report to discuss the structure of diatom frustule in detail with Raman spectrum. The unheated structure of the frustule has the relatively ordered and dominant six-membered ring structure made of SiO4 tetrahedra. The sample heated at 800 °C has the more ordered six-membered ring structure observed in quartz or cristobalite. Water molecules and silanol (Si–OH) included in the frustule are dehydrated at this temperature. This dehydration may promote the formation of ordered and polymerized structure. The structure of the frustule after heating at 1200 °C is similar to that of low-cristobalite. However, additional heating is required for complete crystallization. More... »

PAGES

1

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2002-05. An X-ray diffraction study of shock-wave-densified SiO2 glasses in PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF MINERALS
  • 1999-04. A Raman spectroscopic study of shock-wave densification of vitreous silica in PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF MINERALS
  • 2013-10. Structural changes of synthetic opal by heat treatment in PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF MINERALS
  • 2016-07. Shock-wave compression of silica gel as a model material for comets in PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF MINERALS
  • 1991-12. Medium-range structural order in covalent amorphous solids in NATURE
  • 2004-10. Structural evolutions of an obsidian and its fused glass by shock-wave compression in PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF MINERALS
  • 2000-12. Comparative Study of Structure of Silica Gels from Different Sources in JOURNAL OF SOL-GEL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40562-018-0101-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40562-018-0101-3

    DIMENSIONS

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