Persistent hyperglycemia modulates gut immune function and microbiota in rats View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-12

AUTHORS

Katsuya Mori, Takeshi Suzuki, Toru Igarashi, Kei Inoue, Takashi Asahara, Koji Nomoto, Hiroyuki Seki, Takashige Yamada, Shizuka Minamishima, Shizuko Kosugi, Nobuyuki Katori, Hiroshi Morisaki

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Since hyperglycemia-induced cellular dysfunction could be associated with alterations of the immune system, we tested the hypothesis that hyperglycemia augments the aberrant immune responses such as inflammation and differentiation of CD4(+) T lymphocytes in the mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs), and induces alterations of microbiota both under physiological and pathological conditions. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were randomly allocated into 4 groups: Control and Endotoxemia (lipopolysaccharide, LPS 1 mg/kg) with or without hyperglycemia. The hyperglycemia groups were administered glucose solution (10-40 %), while the normoglycemia groups were administered saline. Alterations of the mRNA expressions of inflammatory cytokines and CD4(+) T lymphocyte transcriptional factor expressions in the MLNs, and those of the intestinal microbiota were analyzed at 24 hr. RESULTS: Hyperglycemia was kept approximately 250-350 mg/dL during the 24 hr study period. At the end of 24 hr, hyperglycemia augmented the mRNA expressions of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 in the MLNs, while both the helper T (Th) 2 and regulatory-T (Treg) transcriptional factors were simultaneously up-regulated under non-endotoxemic condition. LPS injection significantly modulated the obligate anaerobe bacterial populations of the Bacteroidetes class, and altered the population sizes of the Clostridium perfringens and the Bacteroides fragilis subgroup. Hyperglycemia did not enhance these alterations of the microbiota evoked by LPS, although it did modify the bacterial populations of the L. reuteri subgroup and staphylococci in healthy condition without endotoxemia. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates that both gut immune function and microbiota are significantly modulated by persistent hyperglycemia. More... »

PAGES

34

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40560-015-0101-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40560-015-0101-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019862725

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26207186


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