Role of osteopontin in bone remodeling and orthodontic tooth movement: a review View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-06-25

AUTHORS

Amarjot Singh, Gurveen Gill, Harsimrat Kaur, Mohamed Amhmed, Harpal Jakhu

ABSTRACT

In this review, most of the known and postulated mechanisms of osteopontin (OPN) and its role in bone remodeling and orthodontic tooth movement are discussed based on available literature. OPN, a multifunctional protein, is considered crucial for bone remodeling, biomineralization, and periodontal remodeling during mechanical tension and stress (orthodontic tooth movement). It contributes to bone remodeling by promoting osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast activity through CD44- and αvβ3-mediated cell signaling. Further, it has a definitive role in bone remodeling by the formation of podosomes, osteoclast survival, and osteoclast motility. OPN has been shown to have a regulatory effect on hydroxyapatite crystal (HAP) growth and potently inhibits the mineralization of osteoblast cultures in a phosphate-dependent manner. Bone remodeling is vital for orthodontic tooth movement. Significant compressive and tensional forces on the periodontium induce the signaling pathways mediated by various osteogenic genes including OPN, bone sialoprotein, Osterix, and osteocalcin. The signaling pathways involved in the regulation of OPN and its effect on the periodontal tissues during orthodontic tooth movement are further discussed in this review. A limited number of studies have suggested the use of OPN as a biomarker to assess orthodontic treatment. Furthermore, the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in OPN coding gene Spp1 with orthodontically induced root resorption remains largely unexplored. Accordingly, future research directions for OPN are outlined in this review. More... »

PAGES

18

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40510-018-0216-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40510-018-0216-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104577359

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29938297


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