Threonine175, a novel pathological phosphorylation site on tau protein linked to multiple tauopathies View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Alexander J. Moszczynski, Wencheng Yang, Robert Hammond, Lee Cyn Ang, Michael J. Strong

ABSTRACT

Microtubule associated protein tau (tau) deposition is associated with a spectrum of neurodegenerative diseases collectively termed tauopathies. We have previously shown that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with cognitive impairment (ALSci) is associated with tau phosphorylation at Thr175 and that this leads to activation of GSK3β which then induces phosphorylation at tau Thr231. This latter step leads to dissociation of tau from microtubules and pathological tau fibril formation. To determine the extent to which this pathway is unique to ALS, we have investigated the expression of pThr175 tau and pThr231 tau across a range of frontotemporal degenerations. Representative sections from the superior frontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), amygdala, hippocampal formation, basal ganglia, and substantia nigra were selected from neuropathologically confirmed cases of Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 3), vascular dementia (n = 2), frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD; n = 4), ALS (n = 5), ALSci (n = 6), Parkinson's disease (PD; n = 5), corticobasal degeneration (CBD; n = 2), diffuse Lewy body dementia (DLBD; n = 2), mixed DLBD (n = 3), multisystem atrophy (MSA; n = 6) and Pick's disease (n = 1) and three neuropathologically-normal control groups aged 50-60 (n = 6), 60-70 (n = 6) and 70-80 (n = 8). Sections were examined using a panel of phospho-tau antibodies (pSer208,210, pThr217, pThr175, pThr231, pSer202 and T22 (oligomeric tau)). Across diseases, phospho-tau load was most prominent in layers II/III of the entorhinal cortex, amygdala and hippocampus. This is in contrast to the preferential deposition of phospho-tau in the ACC and frontal cortex in ALSci. Controls showed pThr175 tau expression only in the 7th decade of life and only in the presence of tau pathology and tau oligomers. With the exception of DLBD, we observed pThr175 co-localizing with pThr231 in the same cell populations as T22 positivity. This suggests that this pathway may be a common mechanism of toxicity across the tauopathies. More... »

PAGES

6

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40478-016-0406-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40478-016-0406-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004211289

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28077166


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This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

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