The multiple roles of sucrase-isomaltase in the intestinal physiology View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-01-26

AUTHORS

Birthe Gericke, Mahdi Amiri, Hassan Y Naim

ABSTRACT

Osmotic diarrhea and abdominal pain in humans are oftentimes associated with carbohydrate malabsorption in the small intestine due to loss of function of microvillar disaccharidases. Disaccharidases are crucial for the digestion and the subsequent absorption of carbohydrates. This review focuses on sucrase-isomaltase as the most abundant intestinal disaccharidase and the primary or induced pathological conditions that affect its physiological function. Congenital defects are primary factors which directly influence the transport and function of sucrase-isomaltase in a healthy epithelium. Based on the mutation type and the pattern of inheritance, a mutation in the sucrase-isomaltase gene may exert a variety of symptoms ranging from mild to severe. However, structure and function of wild type sucrase-isomaltase can be also affected by secondary factors which influence its structure and function either specifically via certain inhibitors and therapeutic agents or generally as a part of intestinal pathogenesis, for example in the inflammatory responses. Diagnosis of sucrase-isomaltase deficiency and discriminating it from other gastrointestinal intolerances can be latent in the patients because of common symptoms observed in all of these cases.Here, we summarize the disorders that implicate the digestive function of sucrase-isomaltase as well as the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies utilized to restore normal intestinal function. More... »

PAGES

2

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40348-016-0033-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40348-016-0033-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003409543

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26812950


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