Assessing the utility and limitations of accelerometers and machine learning approaches in classifying behaviour during lactation in a phocid seal View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Courtney R. Shuert, Patrick P. Pomeroy, Sean D. Twiss

ABSTRACT

Classifying behaviour with animal-borne accelerometers is quickly becoming a popular tool for remotely observing behavioural states in a variety of species. Most accelerometry work in pinnipeds has focused on classifying behaviour at sea often quantifying behavioural trade-offs associated with foraging and diving in income breeders. Very little work to date has been done to resolve behaviour during the critical period of lactation in a capital breeder. Capital breeding phocids possess finite reserves that they must allocate appropriately to maintain themselves and their new offspring during their brief nursing period. Within this short time, fine-scale behavioural trade-offs can have significant fitness consequences for mother and offspring and must be carefully managed. Here, we present a case study in extracting and classifying lactation behaviours in a wild, breeding pinniped, the grey seal (Halichoerus grypus). Using random forest models, we were able to resolve 4 behavioural states that constitute the majority of a female grey seals’ activity budget during lactation. Resting, alert, nursing, and a form of pup interaction were extracted and classified reliably. For the first time, we quantified the potential confounding variance associated with individual differences in a wild context as well as differences due to sampling location in a largely inactive model species. At this stage, the majority of a female grey seal’s activity budget was classified well using accelerometers, but some rare and context-dependent behaviours were not well captured. While we did find significant variation between individuals in behavioural mechanics, individuals did not differ significantly within themselves; inter-individual variability should be an important consideration in future efforts. These methods can be extended to other efforts to study grey seals and other pinnipeds who exhibit a capital breeding system. Using accelerometers to classify behaviour during lactation allows for fine-scale assessments of time and energy trade-offs for species with fixed stores. More... »

PAGES

14

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2015-12. Movement, resting, and attack behaviors of wild pumas are revealed by tri-axial accelerometer measurements in MOVEMENT ECOLOGY
  • 2017-01-09. Lateralization of mother–infant interactions in a diverse range of mammal species in NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION
  • 2017-12. Identification of behaviours from accelerometer data in a wild social primate in ANIMAL BIOTELEMETRY
  • 2009-07. Origins of the Left & Right Brain in SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN
  • 2010-05. Prey capture attempts can be detected in Steller sea lions and other marine predators using accelerometers in POLAR BIOLOGY
  • 2016-12. Neckband or backpack? Differences in tag design and their effects on GPS/accelerometer tracking results in large waterbirds in ANIMAL BIOTELEMETRY
  • 2001-10. Random Forests in MACHINE LEARNING
  • 1995-03. The reproductive behavior and energetics of male gray seals (Halichoerus grypus) breeding on a land-fast ice substrate in BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY
  • 2013-12. Why publish Animal Biotelemetry? in ANIMAL BIOTELEMETRY
  • 2014-12. Tri-axial accelerometers quantify behaviour in the Eurasian badger (Meles meles): towards an automated interpretation of field data in ANIMAL BIOTELEMETRY
  • 2016-12. Flipper strokes can predict energy expenditure and locomotion costs in free-ranging northern and Antarctic fur seals in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2006-08. Seasonal variation in the metabolic rate and body composition of female grey seals: fat conservation prior to high-cost reproduction in a capital breeder? in JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY B
  • 2015-12. Summing the strokes: energy economy in northern elephant seals during large-scale foraging migrations in MOVEMENT ECOLOGY
  • 1999-09. Fat transfer and energetics during lactation in the hooded seal: the roles of tissue lipoprotein lipase in milk fat secretion and pup blubber deposition in JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY B
  • 2013-09. Decision tree classification of behaviors in the nesting process of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) from tri-axial acceleration data in JOURNAL OF ETHOLOGY
  • 1983-03. Fourier analyses: A mathematical and geometric explanation in BEHAVIOR RESEARCH METHODS
  • 1987-05. Cheetah mothers' vigilance: looking out for prey or for predators? in BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY
  • 2017-12. Super machine learning: improving accuracy and reducing variance of behaviour classification from accelerometry in ANIMAL BIOTELEMETRY
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Animal Biotelemetry

    ISSUE

    1

    VOLUME

    6

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40317-018-0158-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40317-018-0158-y

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107663460


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0602", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Ecology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biological Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Durham University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Biosciences, Durham University, DH1 3LE, Durham, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Shuert", 
            "givenName": "Courtney R.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01101205423.60", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01101205423.60"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of St Andrews", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11914.3c", 
              "name": [
                "Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St. Andrews, KY16 8LB, St. Andrews, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Pomeroy", 
            "givenName": "Patrick P.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01224274275.35", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01224274275.35"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Durham University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Biosciences, Durham University, DH1 3LE, Durham, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Twiss", 
            "givenName": "Sean D.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01307272605.26", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01307272605.26"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00523.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000251241"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2000.1134", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001378067"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2002.tb01048.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002697155"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2013.12.014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003727568"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2011.01905.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004217013"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/12-0954.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005368009"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2011.01.008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005382280"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0166898", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005416701"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1999.1320", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006339262"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2009.04.008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006974190"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1139/z92-184", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007138537"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.3758/bf03203558", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008233795", 
              "https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03203558"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.00822", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009482958"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/scientificamerican0709-60", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009956085", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0709-60"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.009381", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010312748"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2010.04.026", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010801014"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/mms.12059", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011843567"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00360-006-0072-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011881205", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00360-006-0072-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00360-006-0072-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011881205", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00360-006-0072-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1174", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012024540"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.12729", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012133511"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2009.03.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012571242"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2006.01127.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013577067"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/jzo.12308", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014604066"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2011.01960.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015821655"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1163/156853993x00489", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015958279"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1163/156853993x00489", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015958279"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.089805", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016740276"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2907.1978.tb00215.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017247179"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.02767", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018012033"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00300681", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019567256", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00300681"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2016.05.026", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020089658"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1006/brcg.1994.1005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020722808"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2000.tb00573.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024344376"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2000.tb00573.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024344376"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1010933404324", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024739340", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1010933404324"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.133256", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025072920"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40317-016-0104-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025224337", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40317-016-0104-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40317-016-0104-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025224337", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40317-016-0104-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185x.2007.00021.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026100079"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-009-0750-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026327451", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-009-0750-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-009-0750-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026327451", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-009-0750-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-009-0750-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026327451", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-009-0750-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-009-0750-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026327451", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-009-0750-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1216244110", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026396060"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1991.tb04761.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026508695"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1991.tb04761.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026508695"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1994.tb05275.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026516264"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1994.tb05275.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026516264"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.12636", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028072348"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.026377", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028845865"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088609", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029831183"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/2050-3385-2-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030613472", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/2050-3385-2-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/2050-3385-2-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030613472", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/2050-3385-2-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1987.tb03735.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030822249"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1987.tb03735.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030822249"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1163/156853994x00415", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034344636"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1163/156853994x00415", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034344636"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40462-015-0049-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036956529", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40462-015-0049-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.048207", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037179486"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2004.04.004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037768343"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1987.tb04478.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037771135"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1987.tb04478.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037771135"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep33912", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038166622", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep33912"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0118761", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038458863"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1998.0963", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039441891"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1163/156853974x00534", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039606595"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1163/156853974x00534", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039606595"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049120", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040481701"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/2050-3385-1-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041627291", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/2050-3385-1-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/mms.12259", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042099362"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210x.2009.00010.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042409546"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210x.2009.00010.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042409546"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/07-0539.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042705916"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049598", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043170024"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00177792", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045335044", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00177792"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021963", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045360296"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0003-3472(85)80196-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045413610"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40462-015-0030-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045538830", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40462-015-0030-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40462-015-0030-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045538830", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40462-015-0030-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2656.1999.00281.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045651186"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2656.1999.00281.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045651186"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10164-013-0381-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045727080", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10164-013-0381-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2005.01.010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046449840"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s003600050234", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046786752", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s003600050234"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.100016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047770228"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41559-016-0030", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047933564", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-016-0030"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2011.06.016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048264865"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210x.2010.00057.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048711785"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144577", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048866666"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144577", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048866666"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144577", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048866666"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2009.11.037", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049075406"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2012.07.006", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050880469"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/08-0765.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050902103"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/140068", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050905012"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2013.0404", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051412888"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136751", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051510549"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.058602", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052870288"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/mms.12126", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053094117"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/316708", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058621655"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/501056", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058782958"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/686322", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058867582"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/physzool.65.4.30158543", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058931221"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/physzool.66.1.30158287", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058931257"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/joe.2004.833205", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061292628"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.177.4045.222", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062505344"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1578/am.36.3.2010.234", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068062075"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1644/10-mamm-a-048.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068177163"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00064", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071163526"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00084", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071163546"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00236", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071163719"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00452", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071163956"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00779", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071164283"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3354/meps11254", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071172255"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3354/meps187265", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071175157"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2016.12.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074206184"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2017.01.018", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083689457"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40317-017-0121-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084252872", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40317-017-0121-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40317-017-0121-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084252872", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40317-017-0121-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40317-017-0123-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084252874", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40317-017-0123-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40317-017-0123-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084252874", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40317-017-0123-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210x.12797", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085199379"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2017.10.021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092867875"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/bsn.2012.5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094988267"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2017.0707", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100287866"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2018-12", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2018-12-01", 
        "description": "Classifying behaviour with animal-borne accelerometers is quickly becoming a popular tool for remotely observing behavioural states in a variety of species. Most accelerometry work in pinnipeds has focused on classifying behaviour at sea often quantifying behavioural trade-offs associated with foraging and diving in income breeders. Very little work to date has been done to resolve behaviour during the critical period of lactation in a capital breeder. Capital breeding phocids possess finite reserves that they must allocate appropriately to maintain themselves and their new offspring during their brief nursing period. Within this short time, fine-scale behavioural trade-offs can have significant fitness consequences for mother and offspring and must be carefully managed. Here, we present a case study in extracting and classifying lactation behaviours in a wild, breeding pinniped, the grey seal (Halichoerus grypus). Using random forest models, we were able to resolve 4 behavioural states that constitute the majority of a female grey seals\u2019 activity budget during lactation. Resting, alert, nursing, and a form of pup interaction were extracted and classified reliably. For the first time, we quantified the potential confounding variance associated with individual differences in a wild context as well as differences due to sampling location in a largely inactive model species. At this stage, the majority of a female grey seal\u2019s activity budget was classified well using accelerometers, but some rare and context-dependent behaviours were not well captured. While we did find significant variation between individuals in behavioural mechanics, individuals did not differ significantly within themselves; inter-individual variability should be an important consideration in future efforts. These methods can be extended to other efforts to study grey seals and other pinnipeds who exhibit a capital breeding system. Using accelerometers to classify behaviour during lactation allows for fine-scale assessments of time and energy trade-offs for species with fixed stores.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40317-018-0158-y", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1051155", 
            "issn": [
              "2050-3385"
            ], 
            "name": "Animal Biotelemetry", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "6"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Assessing the utility and limitations of accelerometers and machine learning approaches in classifying behaviour during lactation in a phocid seal", 
        "pagination": "14", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "65126f62f6532cc65a81ea5657959339c763c1db9d8b8994729278ee108011e7"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1186/s40317-018-0158-y"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1107663460"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40317-018-0158-y", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107663460"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T16:00", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8664_00000563.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs40317-018-0158-y"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40317-018-0158-y'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40317-018-0158-y'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40317-018-0158-y'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40317-018-0158-y'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    410 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      132 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1186/s40317-018-0158-y schema:about anzsrc-for:06
    2 anzsrc-for:0602
    3 schema:author N65363e968d974e4e97db98bd7c79fa68
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00177792
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00300681
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-009-0750-y
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s00360-006-0072-0
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/s003600050234
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/s10164-013-0381-1
    10 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1010933404324
    11 sg:pub.10.1038/s41559-016-0030
    12 sg:pub.10.1038/scientificamerican0709-60
    13 sg:pub.10.1038/srep33912
    14 sg:pub.10.1186/2050-3385-1-1
    15 sg:pub.10.1186/2050-3385-2-5
    16 sg:pub.10.1186/s40317-016-0104-9
    17 sg:pub.10.1186/s40317-017-0121-3
    18 sg:pub.10.1186/s40317-017-0123-1
    19 sg:pub.10.1186/s40462-015-0030-0
    20 sg:pub.10.1186/s40462-015-0049-2
    21 sg:pub.10.3758/bf03203558
    22 https://doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1998.0963
    23 https://doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1999.1320
    24 https://doi.org/10.1006/brcg.1994.1005
    25 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2009.11.037
    26 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2010.04.026
    27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2016.12.005
    28 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2017.10.021
    29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2005.01.010
    30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2009.03.005
    31 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2009.04.008
    32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2011.06.016
    33 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2016.05.026
    34 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2004.04.004
    35 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2017.01.018
    36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2012.07.006
    37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2011.01.008
    38 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2013.12.014
    39 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0003-3472(85)80196-2
    40 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2656.1999.00281.x
    41 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1216244110
    42 https://doi.org/10.1086/316708
    43 https://doi.org/10.1086/501056
    44 https://doi.org/10.1086/686322
    45 https://doi.org/10.1086/physzool.65.4.30158543
    46 https://doi.org/10.1086/physzool.66.1.30158287
    47 https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2017.0707
    48 https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2013.0404
    49 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2000.1134
    50 https://doi.org/10.1109/bsn.2012.5
    51 https://doi.org/10.1109/joe.2004.833205
    52 https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.12636
    53 https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.12729
    54 https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210x.12797
    55 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2011.01960.x
    56 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2006.01127.x
    57 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2011.01905.x
    58 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2907.1978.tb00215.x
    59 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185x.2007.00021.x
    60 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1987.tb03735.x
    61 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1987.tb04478.x
    62 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1991.tb04761.x
    63 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1994.tb05275.x
    64 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2000.tb00573.x
    65 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2002.tb01048.x
    66 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00523.x
    67 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210x.2009.00010.x
    68 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210x.2010.00057.x
    69 https://doi.org/10.1111/jzo.12308
    70 https://doi.org/10.1111/mms.12059
    71 https://doi.org/10.1111/mms.12126
    72 https://doi.org/10.1111/mms.12259
    73 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.177.4045.222
    74 https://doi.org/10.1139/z92-184
    75 https://doi.org/10.1163/156853974x00534
    76 https://doi.org/10.1163/156853993x00489
    77 https://doi.org/10.1163/156853994x00415
    78 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.00822
    79 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.009381
    80 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.026377
    81 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.02767
    82 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.048207
    83 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.058602
    84 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.089805
    85 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.100016
    86 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.133256
    87 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021963
    88 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049120
    89 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049598
    90 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088609
    91 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0118761
    92 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136751
    93 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144577
    94 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0166898
    95 https://doi.org/10.1578/am.36.3.2010.234
    96 https://doi.org/10.1644/10-mamm-a-048.1
    97 https://doi.org/10.1890/07-0539.1
    98 https://doi.org/10.1890/08-0765.1
    99 https://doi.org/10.1890/12-0954.1
    100 https://doi.org/10.1890/140068
    101 https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00064
    102 https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00084
    103 https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00236
    104 https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00452
    105 https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00779
    106 https://doi.org/10.3354/meps11254
    107 https://doi.org/10.3354/meps187265
    108 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1174
    109 schema:datePublished 2018-12
    110 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-12-01
    111 schema:description Classifying behaviour with animal-borne accelerometers is quickly becoming a popular tool for remotely observing behavioural states in a variety of species. Most accelerometry work in pinnipeds has focused on classifying behaviour at sea often quantifying behavioural trade-offs associated with foraging and diving in income breeders. Very little work to date has been done to resolve behaviour during the critical period of lactation in a capital breeder. Capital breeding phocids possess finite reserves that they must allocate appropriately to maintain themselves and their new offspring during their brief nursing period. Within this short time, fine-scale behavioural trade-offs can have significant fitness consequences for mother and offspring and must be carefully managed. Here, we present a case study in extracting and classifying lactation behaviours in a wild, breeding pinniped, the grey seal (Halichoerus grypus). Using random forest models, we were able to resolve 4 behavioural states that constitute the majority of a female grey seals’ activity budget during lactation. Resting, alert, nursing, and a form of pup interaction were extracted and classified reliably. For the first time, we quantified the potential confounding variance associated with individual differences in a wild context as well as differences due to sampling location in a largely inactive model species. At this stage, the majority of a female grey seal’s activity budget was classified well using accelerometers, but some rare and context-dependent behaviours were not well captured. While we did find significant variation between individuals in behavioural mechanics, individuals did not differ significantly within themselves; inter-individual variability should be an important consideration in future efforts. These methods can be extended to other efforts to study grey seals and other pinnipeds who exhibit a capital breeding system. Using accelerometers to classify behaviour during lactation allows for fine-scale assessments of time and energy trade-offs for species with fixed stores.
    112 schema:genre research_article
    113 schema:inLanguage en
    114 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    115 schema:isPartOf N2faf67418dd4449e92941d4868e4caed
    116 N52c4fc3c38534c1f86dc6ccad2f3af00
    117 sg:journal.1051155
    118 schema:name Assessing the utility and limitations of accelerometers and machine learning approaches in classifying behaviour during lactation in a phocid seal
    119 schema:pagination 14
    120 schema:productId N14dc99833143450f9a2569effd77bcf3
    121 N2fb80995ad994832a5746a34bdd3f109
    122 Nf52fa480a12141e5b536451bdacc5a8b
    123 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107663460
    124 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40317-018-0158-y
    125 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T16:00
    126 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    127 schema:sdPublisher Nc712d0e6f38644b7bf7ee4a8728577db
    128 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs40317-018-0158-y
    129 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    130 sgo:sdDataset articles
    131 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    132 N14dc99833143450f9a2569effd77bcf3 schema:name dimensions_id
    133 schema:value pub.1107663460
    134 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    135 N2faf67418dd4449e92941d4868e4caed schema:volumeNumber 6
    136 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    137 N2fb80995ad994832a5746a34bdd3f109 schema:name doi
    138 schema:value 10.1186/s40317-018-0158-y
    139 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    140 N4d6f7c8e77f2407dbb54871c4853c962 rdf:first sg:person.01224274275.35
    141 rdf:rest N691c128bcab546a39c6ffbffdd8d7502
    142 N52c4fc3c38534c1f86dc6ccad2f3af00 schema:issueNumber 1
    143 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    144 N65363e968d974e4e97db98bd7c79fa68 rdf:first sg:person.01101205423.60
    145 rdf:rest N4d6f7c8e77f2407dbb54871c4853c962
    146 N691c128bcab546a39c6ffbffdd8d7502 rdf:first sg:person.01307272605.26
    147 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    148 Nc712d0e6f38644b7bf7ee4a8728577db schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    149 rdf:type schema:Organization
    150 Nf52fa480a12141e5b536451bdacc5a8b schema:name readcube_id
    151 schema:value 65126f62f6532cc65a81ea5657959339c763c1db9d8b8994729278ee108011e7
    152 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    153 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    154 schema:name Biological Sciences
    155 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    156 anzsrc-for:0602 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    157 schema:name Ecology
    158 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    159 sg:journal.1051155 schema:issn 2050-3385
    160 schema:name Animal Biotelemetry
    161 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    162 sg:person.01101205423.60 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
    163 schema:familyName Shuert
    164 schema:givenName Courtney R.
    165 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01101205423.60
    166 rdf:type schema:Person
    167 sg:person.01224274275.35 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11914.3c
    168 schema:familyName Pomeroy
    169 schema:givenName Patrick P.
    170 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01224274275.35
    171 rdf:type schema:Person
    172 sg:person.01307272605.26 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
    173 schema:familyName Twiss
    174 schema:givenName Sean D.
    175 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01307272605.26
    176 rdf:type schema:Person
    177 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00177792 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045335044
    178 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00177792
    179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    180 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00300681 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019567256
    181 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00300681
    182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    183 sg:pub.10.1007/s00300-009-0750-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026327451
    184 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-009-0750-y
    185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    186 sg:pub.10.1007/s00360-006-0072-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011881205
    187 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00360-006-0072-0
    188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    189 sg:pub.10.1007/s003600050234 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046786752
    190 https://doi.org/10.1007/s003600050234
    191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    192 sg:pub.10.1007/s10164-013-0381-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045727080
    193 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10164-013-0381-1
    194 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    195 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1010933404324 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024739340
    196 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1010933404324
    197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    198 sg:pub.10.1038/s41559-016-0030 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047933564
    199 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-016-0030
    200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    201 sg:pub.10.1038/scientificamerican0709-60 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009956085
    202 https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0709-60
    203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    204 sg:pub.10.1038/srep33912 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038166622
    205 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep33912
    206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    207 sg:pub.10.1186/2050-3385-1-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041627291
    208 https://doi.org/10.1186/2050-3385-1-1
    209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    210 sg:pub.10.1186/2050-3385-2-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030613472
    211 https://doi.org/10.1186/2050-3385-2-5
    212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    213 sg:pub.10.1186/s40317-016-0104-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025224337
    214 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40317-016-0104-9
    215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    216 sg:pub.10.1186/s40317-017-0121-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084252872
    217 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40317-017-0121-3
    218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    219 sg:pub.10.1186/s40317-017-0123-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084252874
    220 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40317-017-0123-1
    221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    222 sg:pub.10.1186/s40462-015-0030-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045538830
    223 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40462-015-0030-0
    224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    225 sg:pub.10.1186/s40462-015-0049-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036956529
    226 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40462-015-0049-2
    227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    228 sg:pub.10.3758/bf03203558 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008233795
    229 https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03203558
    230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    231 https://doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1998.0963 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039441891
    232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    233 https://doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1999.1320 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006339262
    234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    235 https://doi.org/10.1006/brcg.1994.1005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020722808
    236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    237 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2009.11.037 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049075406
    238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    239 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2010.04.026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010801014
    240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    241 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2016.12.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074206184
    242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    243 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2017.10.021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092867875
    244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    245 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2005.01.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046449840
    246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    247 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2009.03.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012571242
    248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    249 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2009.04.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006974190
    250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    251 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2011.06.016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048264865
    252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    253 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2016.05.026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020089658
    254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    255 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2004.04.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037768343
    256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    257 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2017.01.018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083689457
    258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    259 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2012.07.006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050880469
    260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    261 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2011.01.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005382280
    262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    263 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2013.12.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003727568
    264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    265 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0003-3472(85)80196-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045413610
    266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    267 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2656.1999.00281.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045651186
    268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    269 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1216244110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026396060
    270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    271 https://doi.org/10.1086/316708 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058621655
    272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    273 https://doi.org/10.1086/501056 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058782958
    274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    275 https://doi.org/10.1086/686322 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058867582
    276 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    277 https://doi.org/10.1086/physzool.65.4.30158543 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058931221
    278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    279 https://doi.org/10.1086/physzool.66.1.30158287 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058931257
    280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    281 https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2017.0707 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100287866
    282 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    283 https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2013.0404 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051412888
    284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    285 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2000.1134 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001378067
    286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    287 https://doi.org/10.1109/bsn.2012.5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094988267
    288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    289 https://doi.org/10.1109/joe.2004.833205 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061292628
    290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    291 https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.12636 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028072348
    292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    293 https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.12729 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012133511
    294 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    295 https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210x.12797 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085199379
    296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    297 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2011.01960.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015821655
    298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    299 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2006.01127.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013577067
    300 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    301 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2011.01905.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004217013
    302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    303 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2907.1978.tb00215.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017247179
    304 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    305 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185x.2007.00021.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026100079
    306 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    307 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1987.tb03735.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030822249
    308 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    309 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1987.tb04478.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037771135
    310 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    311 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1991.tb04761.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026508695
    312 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    313 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1994.tb05275.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026516264
    314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    315 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2000.tb00573.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024344376
    316 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    317 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2002.tb01048.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002697155
    318 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    319 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00523.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000251241
    320 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    321 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210x.2009.00010.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042409546
    322 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    323 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210x.2010.00057.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048711785
    324 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    325 https://doi.org/10.1111/jzo.12308 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014604066
    326 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    327 https://doi.org/10.1111/mms.12059 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011843567
    328 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    329 https://doi.org/10.1111/mms.12126 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053094117
    330 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    331 https://doi.org/10.1111/mms.12259 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042099362
    332 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    333 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.177.4045.222 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062505344
    334 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    335 https://doi.org/10.1139/z92-184 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007138537
    336 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    337 https://doi.org/10.1163/156853974x00534 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039606595
    338 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    339 https://doi.org/10.1163/156853993x00489 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015958279
    340 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    341 https://doi.org/10.1163/156853994x00415 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034344636
    342 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    343 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.00822 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009482958
    344 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    345 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.009381 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010312748
    346 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    347 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.026377 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028845865
    348 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    349 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.02767 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018012033
    350 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    351 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.048207 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037179486
    352 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    353 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.058602 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052870288
    354 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    355 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.089805 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016740276
    356 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    357 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.100016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047770228
    358 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    359 https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.133256 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025072920
    360 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    361 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021963 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045360296
    362 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    363 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049120 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040481701
    364 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    365 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049598 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043170024
    366 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    367 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088609 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029831183
    368 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    369 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0118761 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038458863
    370 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    371 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136751 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051510549
    372 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    373 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144577 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048866666
    374 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    375 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0166898 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005416701
    376 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    377 https://doi.org/10.1578/am.36.3.2010.234 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068062075
    378 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    379 https://doi.org/10.1644/10-mamm-a-048.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068177163
    380 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    381 https://doi.org/10.1890/07-0539.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042705916
    382 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    383 https://doi.org/10.1890/08-0765.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050902103
    384 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    385 https://doi.org/10.1890/12-0954.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005368009
    386 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    387 https://doi.org/10.1890/140068 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050905012
    388 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    389 https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00064 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071163526
    390 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    391 https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00084 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071163546
    392 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    393 https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00236 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071163719
    394 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    395 https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00452 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071163956
    396 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    397 https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00779 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071164283
    398 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    399 https://doi.org/10.3354/meps11254 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071172255
    400 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    401 https://doi.org/10.3354/meps187265 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071175157
    402 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    403 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1174 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012024540
    404 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    405 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11914.3c schema:alternateName University of St Andrews
    406 schema:name Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St. Andrews, KY16 8LB, St. Andrews, UK
    407 rdf:type schema:Organization
    408 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f schema:alternateName Durham University
    409 schema:name Department of Biosciences, Durham University, DH1 3LE, Durham, UK
    410 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...