Crocin suppresses multidrug resistance in MRP overexpressing ovarian cancer cell line View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-06-24

AUTHORS

Shadi Mahdizadeh, Gholamreza Karimi, Javad Behravan, Sepideh Arabzadeh, Hermann Lage, Fatemeh Kalalinia

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Crocin, one of the main constituents of saffron extract, has numerous biological effects such as anti-cancer effects. Multidrug resistance-associated proteins 1 and 2 (MRP1 and MRP2) are important elements in the failure of cancer chemotherapy. In this study we aimed to evaluate the effects of crocin on MRP1 and MRP2 expression and function in human ovarian cancer cell line A2780 and its cisplatin-resistant derivative A2780/RCIS cells. METHODS: The cytotoxicity of crocin was assessed by the MTT assay. The effects of crocin on the MRP1 and MRP2 mRNA expression and function were assessed by real-time RT-PCR and MTT assays, respectively. RESULTS: Our study indicated that crocin reduced cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner in which the reduction in proliferation rate was more noticeable in the A2780 cell line compared to A2780/RCIS. Crocin reduced MRP1 and MRP2 gene expression at the mRNA level in A2780/RCIS cells. It increased doxorubicin cytotoxicity on the resistant A2780/RCIS cells in comparison with the drug-sensitive A2780 cells. CONCLUSION: Totally, these results indicated that crocin could suppress drug resistance via down regulation of MRP transporters in the human ovarian cancer resistant cell line. More... »

PAGES

17

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40199-016-0155-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40199-016-0155-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044695116

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27342070


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