Understanding the microbial basis of body odor in pre-pubescent children and teenagers View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Tze Hau Lam, Davide Verzotto, Purbita Brahma, Amanda Hui Qi Ng, Ping Hu, Dan Schnell, Jay Tiesman, Rong Kong, Thi My Uyen Ton, Jianjun Li, May Ong, Yang Lu, David Swaile, Ping Liu, Jiquan Liu, Niranjan Nagarajan

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Even though human sweat is odorless, bacterial growth and decomposition of specific odor precursors in it is believed to give rise to body odor in humans. While mechanisms of odor generation have been widely studied in adults, little is known for teenagers and pre-pubescent children who have distinct sweat composition from immature apocrine and sebaceous glands, but are arguably more susceptible to the social and psychological impact of malodor. RESULTS: We integrated information from whole microbiome analysis of multiple skin sites (underarm, neck, and head) and multiple time points (1 h and 8 h after bath), analyzing 180 samples in total to perform the largest metagenome-wide association study to date on malodor. Significant positive correlations were observed between odor intensity and the relative abundance of Staphylococcus hominis, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Cutibacterium avidum, as well as negative correlation with Acinetobacter schindleri and Cutibacterium species. Metabolic pathway analysis highlighted the association of isovaleric and acetic acid production (sour odor) from enriched S. epidermidis (teen underarm) and S. hominis (child neck) enzymes and sulfur production from Staphylococcus species (teen underarm) with odor intensity, in good agreement with observed odor characteristics in pre-pubescent children and teenagers. Experiments with cultures on human and artificial sweat confirmed the ability of S. hominis and S. epidermidis to independently produce malodor with distinct odor characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: These results showcase the power of skin metagenomics to study host-microbial co-metabolic interactions, identifying distinct pathways for odor generation from sweat in pre-pubescent children and teenagers and highlighting key enzymatic targets for intervention. More... »

PAGES

213

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40168-018-0588-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40168-018-0588-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110271806

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30497517


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