Effect of the dietary supplementation with extracts of chestnut wood and grape pomace on performance and jejunum response in female ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-08-17

AUTHORS

A. Pascual, M. Pauletto, A. Trocino, M. Birolo, M. Dacasto, M. Giantin, F. Bordignon, C. Ballarin, M. Bortoletti, G. Pillan, G. Xiccato

ABSTRACT

BackgroundRecently, interest in the use of herbs and phytogenic compounds has grown because of their potential role in the production and health of livestock animals. Among these compounds, several tannins have been tested in poultry, but those from chestnut wood and grape-industry byproducts have attracted remarkable interest. Thus, the present study aimed to gain further insights into the mechanisms involved in the response to the dietary supplementation with extracts of chestnut wood or grape pomace. To this purpose, 864 broiler chickens were fed a control diet (C) or the same diet supplemented 0.2% chestnut wood (CN) extract or 0.2% grape pomace (GP) extract from hatching until commercial slaughtering (at 45 days of age) to assess their effects on performance, meat quality, jejunum immune response and whole-transcriptome profiling in both sexes at different ages (15 and 35 d).ResultsFinal live weight and daily weight gain significantly increased (P < 0.01) in chickens fed GP diets compared to CN and C diets. The villi height was lower in chickens fed the CN diet than in those fed the C diet (P < 0.001); moreover, a lower density of CD45+ cells was observed in chickens fed the CN diet (P < 0.05) compared to those fed the C and GP diets. Genes involved in either pro- or anti-inflammatory response pathways, and antimicrobial and antioxidant responses were affected by GP and CN diets. There was no effect of the dietary treatment on meat quality. Regarding sex, in addition to a lower growth performance, females showed a lower occurrence of wooden breast (16.7% vs. 55.6%; P < 0.001) and a higher occurrence of spaghetti meat (48.6% vs. 4.17%; P < 0.001) in pectoralis major muscles after slaughtering than those in males. Based on the results of whole-transcriptome profiling, a significant activation of some molecular pathways related to immunity was observed in males compared with those of females.ConclusionsThe GP supplementation improved chicken performance and promoted immune responses in the intestinal mucosa; moreover, age and sex were associated with the most relevant transcriptional changes. More... »

PAGES

102

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40104-022-00736-w

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40104-022-00736-w

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1150294760

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35978386


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74 mechanism
75 molecular pathways
76 mucosa
77 muscle
78 occurrence
79 pathway
80 pectoralis major muscle
81 performance
82 phytogenic compounds
83 pomace
84 pomace extract
85 potential role
86 poultry
87 present study
88 production
89 profiling
90 purpose
91 quality
92 relevant transcriptional changes
93 remarkable interest
94 response
95 response pathways
96 results
97 role
98 same diet
99 sex
100 significant activation
101 slaughtering
102 spaghetti meat
103 study
104 supplementation
105 tannins
106 transcriptional changes
107 treatment
108 use
109 use of herbs
110 villus height
111 weight
112 weight gain
113 whole transcriptome profiling
114 wood
115 wooden breast
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