Structures and characteristics of carbohydrates in diets fed to pigs: a review View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-04-17

AUTHORS

Diego M. D. L. Navarro, Jerubella J. Abelilla, Hans H. Stein

ABSTRACT

The current paper reviews the content and variation of fiber fractions in feed ingredients commonly used in swine diets. Carbohydrates serve as the main source of energy in diets fed to pigs. Carbohydrates may be classified according to their degree of polymerization: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Digestible carbohydrates include sugars, digestible starch, and glycogen that may be digested by enzymes secreted in the gastrointestinal tract of the pig. Non-digestible carbohydrates, also known as fiber, may be fermented by microbial populations along the gastrointestinal tract to synthesize short-chain fatty acids that may be absorbed and metabolized by the pig. These non-digestible carbohydrates include two disaccharides, oligosaccharides, resistant starch, and non-starch polysaccharides. The concentration and structure of non-digestible carbohydrates in diets fed to pigs depend on the type of feed ingredients that are included in the mixed diet. Cellulose, arabinoxylans, and mixed linked β-(1,3) (1,4)-d-glucans are the main cell wall polysaccharides in cereal grains, but vary in proportion and structure depending on the grain and tissue within the grain. Cell walls of oilseeds, oilseed meals, and pulse crops contain cellulose, pectic polysaccharides, lignin, and xyloglucans. Pulse crops and legumes also contain significant quantities of galacto-oligosaccharides including raffinose, stachyose, and verbascose. Overall, understanding the structure, characteristics and measurable chemical properties of fiber in feed ingredients may result in more accurate diet formulations, resulting in an improvement in the utilization of energy from less expensive high-fiber ingredients and a reduction in reliance on energy from more costly cereal grains. More... »

PAGES

39

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2014-05-13. Amino acid digestibility in low-fat distillers dried grains with solubles fed to growing pigs in JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2002-10-10. Gentiobiose: a novel oligosaccharin in ripening tomato fruit in PLANTA
  • 2007-11-09. Nutritional characterization and measurement of dietary carbohydrates in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
  • 2007-11-09. Carbohydrate terminology and classification in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
  • 2014. Essentials of Food Science in NONE
  • 2013. Carbohydrates in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOPHYSICS
  • 1990. Physiology and Biochemistry of Plant Cell Walls in NONE
  • 2003-01. Estimation of the Content of Pectins in Feeds: Fractional Extraction and Quantitative Determination in VETERINARY RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40104-019-0345-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40104-019-0345-6

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31049199


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    191 grid-institutes:grid.35403.31 schema:alternateName Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, 61801, Urbana, USA
    192 Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, 61801, Urbana, USA
    193 schema:name Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, 61801, Urbana, USA
    194 Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, 61801, Urbana, USA
    195 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




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