Supplementation of different fat sources affects growth performance and carcass composition of finishing pigs View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-08-21

AUTHORS

Yanhong Liu, Dong Yong Kil, Victor G. Perez-Mendoza, Minho Song, James E. Pettigrew

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThere are various fat sources with different energy values and fatty acid compositions that may affect growth performance and carcass composition of grow-finishing pigs. A higher net energy was recently reported in choice white grease compared with soybean oil. Therefore, two experiments were conducted to determine whether practical responses confirm that difference between choice white grease and soybean oil, and to extend the observations to other fat sources.ResultsIn Exp. 1, pigs fed fats had lower (P < 0.05) average daily feed intake in phase II and overall period, greater (P < 0.05) gain:feed in phase I, phase II, and overall period than pigs fed the control diet. Pigs fed fats tended (P = 0.057) to have thicker backfat depth at the last rib than those fed control. Pigs fed 6% fats had greater (P < 0.01) gain:feed in phase II and overall period than pigs fed 3% fats. During phase I, pigs fed choice white grease grew faster (P < 0.05) than pigs fed soybean oil. In Exp. 2, pigs fed dietary fats (soybean oil, choice white grease, animal-vegetable blend, palm oil, or tallow) had greater (P < 0.01) gain:feed in each phase and overall period, greater (P < 0.01) average daily gain in phase I, but lower (P < 0.01) average daily feed intake in phase II an overall than pigs fed the control diets. The choice white grease also increased (P < 0.05) average daily gain during phase I compared with soybean oil. Pigs fed palm oil had thicker (P < 0.05) backfat depth at the 10th rib than those fed soybean oil, animal-vegetable blend, or tallow.ConclusionsInclusion of 6% dietary fat improved feed efficiency of finishing pigs, while different fats produced different practical results that may be consistent with their different energy values. Results from the early stage indicate that dietary fats with relatively more saturated fatty acids may provide greater energy than those with relatively more unsaturated fatty acids for growing pigs. More... »

PAGES

56

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2015-07-01. Characteristics of lipids and their feeding value in swine diets in JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s40104-018-0274-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40104-018-0274-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105158601

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30167305


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