Prevalence of plasmid-mediated AmpC in Enterobacteriaceae isolated from humans and from retail meat in Zagazig, Egypt View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Katrijn L. Rensing, H. M. Abdallah, Alex Koek, Gamal A. Elmowalid, Christina M. J. E. Vandenbroucke-Grauls, Nashwan al Naiemi, Karin van Dijk

ABSTRACT

Background: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of plasmid-mediated AmpC (pAmpC) among Enterobacteriaceae isolated from humans and from retail meat in Egypt. Methods: Enterobacteriaceae were isolated from patients with suspected bloodstream infection, human fecal samples, retail chicken meat samples and retail sheep meat samples. All group I Enterobacteriaceae were analyzed for presence of pAmpC genes by PCR. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed in all pAmpC positive isolates, followed by phenotypic and genotypic ESBL and carbapenemase testing on indication. Results: The prevalence of pAmpC among group I Enterobacteriaceae isolated from 225 patients with bloodstream infection was 5.6% [95%CI 2.2-13.4]. Among 100 patients with community-onset gastroenteritis the prevalence in fecal samples was 4.8% [95%CI 2.1-10.7]. The prevalence among 112 chicken carcasses and 100 sheep meat samples was 2.4% [95%CI 0.7-8.4] and 1.1% [95%CI 0.2-5.7], respectively. In half of the AmpC positive isolates we detected an ESBL gene and 2 isolates harbored a carbapenemase gene. In five isolates there was resistance to at least three important alternative antibiotic drugs. Conclusions: We consider the prevalence of pAmpC in Egypt, as found in our study, moderately low. To follow future trends in prevalence of pAmpC worldwide, a standardized screening algorithm for the detection of pAmpC is needed. More... »

PAGES

45

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13756-019-0494-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13756-019-0494-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112396047

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30891235


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