Carriage of ESBL/AmpC-producing or ciprofloxacin non-susceptible Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. in healthy people in Norway View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-12

AUTHORS

Charlotte R. Ulstad, Margrete Solheim, Sophie Berg, Morten Lindbæk, Ulf R. Dahle, Astrid L. Wester

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic carriage has been recognised as an important risk factor for infection caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria. A 14% global prevalence of Extended-Spectrum Beta-lactamase (ESBL) carriage was recently reported, but large intra-and interregional variations were observed. We investigated the faecal carriage rates of ESBL-, AmpC-producing and ciprofloxacin non-susceptible Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. in healthy Norwegians. METHODS: Rectal samples were obtained from 284 volunteers, together with demographic data and information on recent travel history. The rectal samples were screened by selective plating and E. coli and Klebsiella spp. identified using MALDI-TOF. Phenotypic and molecular characterization of resistant isolates was also performed. RESULTS: ESBL- or AmpC-producing E. coli and Klebsiella spp. were isolated from 4.9% and 3.2% of the study population, respectively. Carriage of ciprofloxacin non-susceptible isolates was detected in 9.9% of the volunteers. Molecular typing of ESBL/plasmid-mediated AmpC (pAmpC)-producing isolates suggested an allodemic situation rather than the dissemination of a specific clone in the Norwegian community. In concurrence with previous findings, travel to South-East Asia was associated with increased risk of carrying resistant E. coli or Klebsiella spp., highlighting the contribution of factors such as increased global mobility in erasing the boundaries between healthcare and community settings when it comes to spread of resistant bacteria. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our study recognised Norway as a low-incidence country for faecal carriage of resistant bacteria among healthy individuals. Furthermore, our work denoted the importance of healthy humans as a reservoir for transmission of antibiotic resistant E. coli and Klebsiella spp. More... »

PAGES

57

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13756-016-0156-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13756-016-0156-x

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027652970

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28018582


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38 schema:description BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic carriage has been recognised as an important risk factor for infection caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria. A 14% global prevalence of Extended-Spectrum Beta-lactamase (ESBL) carriage was recently reported, but large intra-and interregional variations were observed. We investigated the faecal carriage rates of ESBL-, AmpC-producing and ciprofloxacin non-susceptible Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. in healthy Norwegians. METHODS: Rectal samples were obtained from 284 volunteers, together with demographic data and information on recent travel history. The rectal samples were screened by selective plating and E. coli and Klebsiella spp. identified using MALDI-TOF. Phenotypic and molecular characterization of resistant isolates was also performed. RESULTS: ESBL- or AmpC-producing E. coli and Klebsiella spp. were isolated from 4.9% and 3.2% of the study population, respectively. Carriage of ciprofloxacin non-susceptible isolates was detected in 9.9% of the volunteers. Molecular typing of ESBL/plasmid-mediated AmpC (pAmpC)-producing isolates suggested an allodemic situation rather than the dissemination of a specific clone in the Norwegian community. In concurrence with previous findings, travel to South-East Asia was associated with increased risk of carrying resistant E. coli or Klebsiella spp., highlighting the contribution of factors such as increased global mobility in erasing the boundaries between healthcare and community settings when it comes to spread of resistant bacteria. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our study recognised Norway as a low-incidence country for faecal carriage of resistant bacteria among healthy individuals. Furthermore, our work denoted the importance of healthy humans as a reservoir for transmission of antibiotic resistant E. coli and Klebsiella spp.
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