A systematic map of evidence on the contribution of forests to poverty alleviation View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-01-21

AUTHORS

Samantha H. Cheng, Kavita MacLeod, Sofia Ahlroth, Stefanie Onder, Emilie Perge, Priya Shyamsundar, Pushpendra Rana, Ruth Garside, Patti Kristjanson, Madeleine C. McKinnon, Daniel C. Miller

ABSTRACT

BackgroundForests provide an essential resource to the livelihoods of an estimated 20% of the global population. The contribution of forest ecosystems and forest-based resources to poverty reduction is increasingly emphasized in international policy discourse and conservation and development investments. However, evidence measuring the effect of forest-based activities on poverty outcomes remains scattered and unclear. Lack of systematic understanding of forest-poverty relationships, in turn, inhibits research, policymaking, and efficient financial resource allocation.MethodsTo identify relevant studies for inclusion in this systematic map we searched six bibliographic databases, 15 organizational websites, eight systematic evidence syntheses (reviews and maps), and solicited information from key informants. Search results were screened for relevance against predefined inclusion criteria at title, abstract, and full text levels, according to a published protocol. Included articles were coded using a predefined framework. Trends in the evidence, knowledge gaps and relatively well-researched sub-topics are reported in a narrative synthesis. Occurrence and extent of existing evidence about links between interventions and outcomes are presented in a visual heatmap. Data are available through the open access Evidence for Nature and People Data Portal (http://www.natureandpeopleevidence.org).ResultsA total of 242 articles were included in the systematic map database. Included articles measured effects of 14 forest-based intervention types on 11 poverty dimensions. The majority of the evidence base (72%) examined links between productivity-enhancement strategies (e.g. forest management, agroforestry, and habitat management) and monetary income and/or social capital outcomes. Other areas with high occurrence of articles include linkages between interventions involving governance, individual rights/empowerment or linked enterprises/livelihood alternatives with impacts on monetary income from direct sale of goods. A key knowledge gap was on the impacts of investment-based interventions (i.e. enhancing produced, human, and social capitals). Another was the impacts of forest-based interventions on financial capital (savings, debt), non-monetary benefits, and health.ConclusionsThe evidence base on forest-based productive activities and poverty alleviation is growing but displays a number of biases in the distribution of articles on key linkages. Priorities for future systematic reviews and evaluations include in-depth examinations into the impacts of rights-based activities (e.g. governance, empowerment) on poverty dimensions; and productivity-enhancing activities on social capital. More comprehensive and robust evidence is needed to better understand the synergies and trade-offs among the different objectives of forest conservation and management and variation in outcomes for different social groups in different social-ecological contexts. More... »

PAGES

3

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13750-019-0148-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13750-019-0148-4

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111584591


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38 capital
39 conservation
40 context
41 contribution
42 contribution of forests
43 criteria
44 data
45 data portals
46 database
47 depth examination
48 development investment
49 different objectives
50 different social groups
51 different social-ecological contexts
52 dimensions
53 direct sales
54 discourse
55 distribution
56 distribution of articles
57 ecosystems
58 effect
59 empowerment
60 essential resource
61 evaluation
62 evidence
63 evidence base
64 evidence synthesis
65 examination
66 extent
67 financial capital
68 financial resource allocation
69 forest
70 forest conservation
71 forest ecosystems
72 forest-based activities
73 forest-based resources
74 framework
75 full-text level
76 future systematic reviews
77 gap
78 global population
79 goods
80 governance
81 group
82 health
83 heatmaps
84 higher occurrence
85 impact
86 inclusion
87 inclusion criteria
88 income
89 informants
90 information
91 international policy discourse
92 intervention
93 intervention type
94 investment
95 key informants
96 key knowledge gaps
97 key linkages
98 knowledge gaps
99 lack
100 levels
101 link
102 linkage
103 livelihood alternatives
104 livelihoods
105 majority
106 management
107 map database
108 maps
109 monetary income
110 narrative synthesis
111 nature
112 non-monetary benefits
113 number
114 number of biases
115 objective
116 occurrence
117 organizational websites
118 outcomes
119 policy discourse
120 policymaking
121 population
122 portal
123 poverty alleviation
124 poverty dimensions
125 poverty outcomes
126 poverty reduction
127 priority
128 productive activities
129 productivity enhancement strategies
130 productivity-enhancing activities
131 protocol
132 reduction
133 relationship
134 relevance
135 relevant studies
136 research
137 resource allocation
138 resources
139 results
140 review
141 robust evidence
142 sales
143 search results
144 social capital
145 social capital outcomes
146 social groups
147 social-ecological context
148 strategies
149 study
150 synergy
151 synthesis
152 systematic evidence synthesis
153 systematic map
154 systematic map database
155 systematic review
156 systematic understanding
157 text level
158 title
159 total
160 trends
161 turn
162 types
163 understanding
164 variation
165 visual heatmaps
166 websites
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