Mucormycosis in intensive care unit: surgery is a major prognostic factor in patients with hematological malignancy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-06-08

AUTHORS

Johanna Claustre, Romaric Larcher, Thomas Jouve, Anne-Sophie Truche, Saad Nseir, Julien Cadiet, Yoann Zerbib, Alexandre Lautrette, Jean-Michel Constantin, Pierre-Emmanuel Charles, Cedric Daubin, Remi Coudroy, Jean Dellamonica, Laurent Argaud, Pierre Phelouzat, Damien Contou, Juliette Pocquet, Guillaume Voiriot, Jean-Christophe Navellou, Pierre Lavagne, Michel Durand, Muriel Cornet, Carole Schwebel, Nicolas Terzi

ABSTRACT

BackgroundMucormycosis is an invasive fungal infection, with an increasing incidence especially in patients with hematological malignancies. Its prognosis is poor because of its high invasive power and its intrinsic low susceptibility to antifungal agents. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of mucormycosis in intensive care units (ICU) and evaluate the outcomes. We performed a retrospective multi-center study in 16 French ICUs between 2008 and 2017. We compared the patients who survived in ICU and the patients who did not to identify factors associated with ICU survival. Then, we focused on the subgroup of patients with hematological malignancies.ResultsMucormycosis was diagnosed in 74 patients during the study period. Among them, 60 patients (81%) were immunocompromised: 41 had hematological malignancies, 9 were solid organ transplant recipients, 31 received long-term steroids, 11 had diabetes, 24 had malnutrition. Only 21 patients survived to ICU stay (28.4%) with a median survival of 22 days (Q1–Q3 = 9–106) and a survival rate at day 28 and day 90, respectively, of 35.1% and 26.4%. Survivors were significantly younger (p = 0.001), with less frequently hematological malignancies (p = 0.02), and less malnutrition (p = 0.05). Median survival in patients with hematological malignancies (n = 41) was 15 days (Q1–Q3 = 5–23.5 days). In this subgroup, curative surgery was a major factor associated with survival in multivariate analysis (odds ratio = 0.71, [0.45–0.97], p < 0.001).ConclusionOverall prognosis of mucormycosis in ICU remains poor, especially in patients with hematological malignancies. In this subgroup of patients, a therapeutic strategy including curative surgery was the main factor associated with survival. More... »

PAGES

74

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Annals of Intensive Care

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

10

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13613-020-00673-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13613-020-00673-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1128309611

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32514787


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10 schema:description BackgroundMucormycosis is an invasive fungal infection, with an increasing incidence especially in patients with hematological malignancies. Its prognosis is poor because of its high invasive power and its intrinsic low susceptibility to antifungal agents. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of mucormycosis in intensive care units (ICU) and evaluate the outcomes. We performed a retrospective multi-center study in 16 French ICUs between 2008 and 2017. We compared the patients who survived in ICU and the patients who did not to identify factors associated with ICU survival. Then, we focused on the subgroup of patients with hematological malignancies.ResultsMucormycosis was diagnosed in 74 patients during the study period. Among them, 60 patients (81%) were immunocompromised: 41 had hematological malignancies, 9 were solid organ transplant recipients, 31 received long-term steroids, 11 had diabetes, 24 had malnutrition. Only 21 patients survived to ICU stay (28.4%) with a median survival of 22 days (Q1–Q3 = 9–106) and a survival rate at day 28 and day 90, respectively, of 35.1% and 26.4%. Survivors were significantly younger (p = 0.001), with less frequently hematological malignancies (p = 0.02), and less malnutrition (p = 0.05). Median survival in patients with hematological malignancies (n = 41) was 15 days (Q1–Q3 = 5–23.5 days). In this subgroup, curative surgery was a major factor associated with survival in multivariate analysis (odds ratio = 0.71, [0.45–0.97], p < 0.001).ConclusionOverall prognosis of mucormycosis in ICU remains poor, especially in patients with hematological malignancies. In this subgroup of patients, a therapeutic strategy including curative surgery was the main factor associated with survival.
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