In-hospital and day-120 survival of critically ill solid cancer patients after discharge of the intensive care units: results of a ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

François Vincent, Marcio Soares, Djamel Mokart, Virginie Lemiale, Fabrice Bruneel, Marouane Boubaya, Frédéric Gonzalez, Yves Cohen, Elie Azoulay, Michaël Darmon, on behalf of the GrrrOH: Groupe de recherche respiratoire en réanimation en Onco-Hématologie (Group for respiratory research in intensive care in Onco-Hematology, http://www.grrroh.com/)

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To assess outcomes at hospital discharge and day-120 after intensive care unit (ICU) discharge among patients with solid cancer admitted to ICU and to identify characteristics associated with in-hospital and day-120 after ICU discharge mortalities. DESIGN: International, multicenter, retrospective study. SETTING: Five ICUs in France and Brazil, two located in cancer centers, two in university affiliated and one in general hospitals. PATIENTS: Consecutive patients aged > 18 years, with underlying solid cancers (known before admission to the ICU or diagnosed during the stay in the ICU), admitted to the participating ICUs and discharged alive from the ICU from January 2006 to December 2011 were included in this study. Patients admitted after scheduled surgery or to secure procedure were excluded. Variables of interest were in-hospital and day-120 post-ICU mortality among patients discharged alive from the ICU. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: A total of 1053 patients aged 63 years (54-71) (median [IQR]) were included. Most of the patients were of the male gender (66.8%). The in-ICU, in-hospital, and four-month post-ICU discharge mortalities were, respectively, 41.3, 60.7, and 65.8%. Among patients discharged alive from the ICU, in multivariate analysis, factors associated with four months post-ICU discharge mortality were type of cancer (OR from 0.25 to 0.52 when compared to lung cancers), systemic extension of the disease (OR 2.54; 95% CI 1.87-3.45), need for invasive mechanical ventilation (OR 2.54; 95% CI 1.80-3.59), for vasopressors (OR 2.35; 95% CI 1.66-3.29), or renal replacement therapy (OR 1.54; 95% CI 0.99-2.38). A predictive score, "Oncoscore," was built performing fairly in predicting 4 months post-ICU discharge outcome (AUC 0.74; 95% CI 0.71-0.77). CONCLUSION: Despite the high day-120 mortality following the ICU discharge, our study reports a meaningful medium-term survival rate after the ICU discharge of solid cancer patients. Of utmost importance, the "Oncoscore" must be validated in prospective studies and cannot be used, in its form without external validation, for individual decision making. Prospective studies to answer questions not provided by this study are needed, including only patients with solid cancers admitted in the ICU for medical reasons or after emergency surgery. More... »

PAGES

40

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13613-018-0386-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13613-018-0386-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101768545

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29582210


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