Modulation of lipolysis and glycolysis pathways in cancer stem cells changed multipotentiality and differentiation capacity toward endothelial lineage View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Ayda Pouyafar, Milad Zadi Heydarabad, Jalal Abdolali Zade, Reza Rahbarghazi, Mehdi Talebi

ABSTRACT

Cancer stem cells obtain energy demand through the activation of glycolysis and lipolysis. It seems that the use of approached targeting glycolysis and lipolysis could be an effective strategy for the inhibition of cancer stem cells. In the current experiment, we studied the potential effect of glycolysis and lipolysis inhibition on cancer stem cells differentiation and mesenchymal-epithelial-transition capacity. Cancer stem cells were enriched from human ovarian cells namely SKOV3 by using MACS technique. Cells were exposed to Lonidamine, an inhibitor of glycolysis, and TOFA, a potent inhibitor of lipolysis for 7 days in endothelial differentiation medium; EGM-2 and cell viability was studied by MTT assay. At the respective time point, the transcription level of genes participating in EMT such as Zeb-1, -2, Vimentin, Snail-1, -2 and VE-cadherin were measured by real-time PCR analysis. Our data noted that the inhibition of lipolysis and glycolysis could decrease cell viability compared to the control of cancer stem cells. The inhibition of glycolysis prohibited the expression of Zeb-1, Snails, and Vimentin while increased endothelial differentiation rate indicated by the expression of VE-cadherin. In contrast, the inhibition of lipolysis increased EMT associated genes and reduced endothelial differentiation rate by suppressing the transcription of VE-cadherin. Notably, the simultaneous inhibition of glycolysis and lipolysis had moderate effects on the transcription of EMT genes. We concluded that the modulation of the metabolic pathway of glycolysis in ovarian CSCs is more effective than the inhibition of lipolysis in the control of angiogenesis potential and stemness feature. More... »

PAGES

30

Journal

TITLE

Cell & Bioscience

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

9

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13578-019-0293-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13578-019-0293-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113045260

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30962872


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