Harman and norharman, metabolites of the entomopathogenic fungus Conidiobolus coronatus (Entomophthorales), affect the serotonin levels and phagocytic activity of hemocytes, ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Anna Katarzyna Wrońska, Mieczysława Irena Boguś

ABSTRACT

Background: Although the β-carboline alkaloids harman and norharman are considered as plant metabolites, they can also be secreted by fungi such as the entomopathogen Conidiobolus coronatus. Norharman and harman are also known to be reversible competitive monamine oxidase inhibitors, which increase serotonin concentrations in tissues. In addition, these alkaloids are able to bind to serotonin receptors, an important immune regulatory molecule in both vertebrates and invertebrates. In insects, serotonin modulates hemocyte phagocytosis, nodule formation and the populations of hemocyte classes. The present study examines whether harman and norharman may influence the phagocytic activity of insect hemocytes by regulating serotonin levels. Results: Significantly greater serotonin levels and hemocyte phagocytic activity were observed after 24 h of exposure to food contaminated with harman and norharman. Similar responses were noticed 1 h after topical application or addition to in vitro hemocyte cultures. Observations and measurements performed 24 h later revealed decreased responses, suggesting decomposition and/or exertion of alkaloids and/or serotonin. Harman and norharman influenced the activity of Galleria mellonella plasmatocytes and the granulocyte cytoskeleton. Disturbances in hemocyte network formation, abnormal cell shape, naked nuclei, cell aggregates, fragments of disintegrated cells, interrupted cell membrane continuity and actin condensation in cells were observed. Conclusion: Our findings may have a considerable impact on research concerning insect physiology, parasitology, immunology and biocontrol of pests. They confirm for the first time that harman and norharman (metabolites of the entomopathogenic fungus C. coronatus) elevate serotonin levels in G. mellonella hemocytes, thus potentially stimulating their phagocytic activity. Our studies shed light on the mechanisms underlying the interaction between innate insect immune responses and entomopathogen metabolites. More... »

PAGES

29

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13578-019-0291-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13578-019-0291-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112990246

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30962871


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    "description": "Background: Although the \u03b2-carboline alkaloids harman and norharman are considered as plant metabolites, they can also be secreted by fungi such as the entomopathogen Conidiobolus coronatus. Norharman and harman are also known to be reversible competitive monamine oxidase inhibitors, which increase serotonin concentrations in tissues. In addition, these alkaloids are able to bind to serotonin receptors, an important immune regulatory molecule in both vertebrates and invertebrates. In insects, serotonin modulates hemocyte phagocytosis, nodule formation and the populations of hemocyte classes. The present study examines whether harman and norharman may influence the phagocytic activity of insect hemocytes by regulating serotonin levels.\nResults: Significantly greater serotonin levels and hemocyte phagocytic activity were observed after 24\u00a0h of exposure to food contaminated with harman and norharman. Similar responses were noticed 1\u00a0h after topical application or addition to in vitro hemocyte cultures. Observations and measurements performed 24\u00a0h later revealed decreased responses, suggesting decomposition and/or exertion of alkaloids and/or serotonin. Harman and norharman influenced the activity of Galleria mellonella plasmatocytes and the granulocyte cytoskeleton. Disturbances in hemocyte network formation, abnormal cell shape, naked nuclei, cell aggregates, fragments of disintegrated cells, interrupted cell membrane continuity and actin condensation in cells were observed.\nConclusion: Our findings may have a considerable impact on research concerning insect physiology, parasitology, immunology and biocontrol of pests. They confirm for the first time that harman and norharman (metabolites of the entomopathogenic fungus C. coronatus) elevate serotonin levels in G. mellonella hemocytes, thus potentially stimulating their phagocytic activity. Our studies shed light on the mechanisms underlying the interaction between innate insect immune responses and entomopathogen metabolites.", 
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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

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N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

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Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

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RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13578-019-0291-1'


 

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