Transmission studies of chronic wasting disease to transgenic mice overexpressing human prion protein using the RT-QuIC assay View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-01-22

AUTHORS

Brent Race, Katie Williams, Bruce Chesebro

ABSTRACT

Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a fatal prion disease which infects deer, elk and moose. CWD was first described as a wasting syndrome in captive deer in Colorado and Wyoming wildlife facilities from 1967 to 1979. Currently, CWD has been reported in 26 states of the USA, three Canadian provinces, South Korea, Norway and Finland. Since human consumption of cervids is common, it is critical to determine if CWD can infect humans. Published research, including epidemiologic studies and transmission studies using animal models, including transgenic mice that express human prion protein, have suggested existence of a strong species barrier between cervid CWD and humans. In the current study, we tested CWD transmission into two additional strains of transgenic mice (tg66 and tgRM). These mice over-express human prion protein at high levels and are highly sensitive to infection by human-tropic prions. One hundred and eight mice were inoculated intracerebrally with three different sources of CWD. After long periods of observation, brain tissues from CWD-inoculated mice were screened for evidence of prion infection by RT-QuIC, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunoblot. No IHC or immunoblot evidence was found to suggest transmission had occurred, and most mice were negative by RT-QuIC assay. However, four mice with inconsistent positive RT-QuIC reactions were detected. The seeding activity detected in these mice may represent a low level of CWD agent, suggesting a possible transfer of CWD infection. Alternatively, these results might be due to false positive reactions or residual CWD inoculum. More... »

PAGES

6

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13567-019-0626-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13567-019-0626-2

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111593671

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30670087


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