Personalised insulin calculator enables safe and effective correction of hyperglycaemia prior to FDG PET/CT View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

David A. Pattison, Lisa L. MacFarlane, Jason Callahan, Emma L. Kane, Timothy Akhurst, Rodney J. Hicks

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hyperglycaemia can influence 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake due to competition for glucose transport and phosphorylation by hexokinase. Major international nuclear medicine societies recommend blood glucose level (BGL) < 11.1 mmol/L (200 mg/dL) prior to performing FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). However, there is no consensus approach and complications of previously proposed insulin guidelines included significant hypoglycaemia, inconvenience and skeletal muscle uptake. This study aims to establish the safety and efficacy of a personalised insulin calculator protocol to estimate the dose of intravenous insulin injection for correction of hyperglycaemia prior to FDG PET/CT. RESULTS: This is a retrospective audit of all patients treated with insulin for hyperglycaemia (BGL > 10 mmol/L) prior to FDG PET/CT at the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre over a 2-year period. Cohort 1 comprised a 12-month period (April 1, 2014-March 31, 2015) using the department's established empiric-dose insulin protocol, and Cohort 2 the 12 months (April 1, 2015-March 31, 2016) following introduction of a personalised insulin calculator protocol. Variables including body mass index, insulin-dose calculated and/or administered, BGL at baseline and nadir, and time to FDG injection were analysed. There were 115 and 136 patients treated with insulin in Cohorts 1 and 2 respectively, with similar baseline variables including mean BGL (14.5 vs 14.4 mmol/L) and range (10.5-22.7 vs 10.4-24.3 mmol/L). Use of the new personalised insulin calculator resulted in significantly fewer hypoglycaemic events (0.7% vs 5.2%; P < 0.03), shorter median time from insulin to FDG injections (108 min vs 136 min; P < 0.001) and greater individualised range in insulin prescription (3-32 IU vs 4-20 IU). The majority of patients (88.3%) receiving the personalised insulin calculator prescribed dose achieved BGL < 10.0 mmol/L. All scans obtained were of diagnostic quality. CONCLUSIONS: The use of our personalised insulin calculator protocol effectively lowered BGL to the target range, resulted in significantly fewer hypoglycaemic events and reduced median time between insulin and FDG injection compared to a pre-existing empiric protocol whilst achieving diagnostic scans. More... »

PAGES

15

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2015-02. FDG PET/CT: EANM procedure guidelines for tumour imaging: version 2.0 in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING
  • 2002-10. Does diabetes affect [18F]FDG standardised uptake values in lung cancer? in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING
  • 2016-11. Metformin discontinuation less than 72 h is suboptimal for F-18 FDG PET/CT interpretation of the bowel in ANNALS OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE
  • 1997-06. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron mission tomography in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma: a report of 106 cases in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13550-019-0480-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13550-019-0480-2

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112024528

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30737563


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