Drug-free in vitro activation combined with 3D-bioprinted adipose-derived stem cells restores ovarian function of rats with premature ovarian insufficiency View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-07-26

AUTHORS

Qian Li, Jiahua Zheng, Zhongkang Li, Yanlai Xiao, Mingle Zhang, Wenxin Shi, He Gao, Xianghua Huang, Jingkun Zhang

ABSTRACT

BackgroundEmerging drug-free in vitro activation (IVA) technique enables patients with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) to restore ovarian function and conceive their own genetic offspring. However, various issues have greatly restricted its clinical application. Transplantation of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) has promising roles in restoring ovarian function of rats with POI, but insufficient retention has greatly hampered their efficiency. Here, we designed a 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary composed of drug-free IVA and ADSCs, which may prolong the retention of ADSCs and construct an early vascular microenvironment, thus compensating for the disadvantages of drug-free IVA to some extent and ameliorating impaired ovarian function in the POI rats.MethodsAfter intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide, the POI model rats were randomized into 5 groups: (1) POI group; (2) ovarian fragments group; (3) 3D scaffold combined with ovarian fragments group; (4) ovarian fragments combined with ADSCs group; (5) 3D scaffold with ADSCs combined with ovarian fragments as 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary group. Normal rats were identified as the control group. The localization of CM-Dil-labeled ADSCs and co-localization with CD31 were observed to examine the distribution and underlying mechanism of differentiation. Histomorphological and immunohistochemical analyses were performed to calculate follicle number and assess proliferation and apoptosis of granulosa cells (GCs). Immunofluorescence staining was used to evaluate angiogenesis. Hormone levels were measured to evaluate the restoration of endocrine axis. Western blot analysis and RT-PCR were conducted to explore the potential mechanism.ResultsCM-Dil-labeled ADSCs were distributed in the interstitium of ovaries and had significantly higher retention in the 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary group. Several regions of the co-staining for CM-Dil and CD31 were in the area of vascular endothelial cells. Meanwhile, the follicle counts, GCs proliferation, neoangiogenesis, and hormone levels were significantly improved in the 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary group, as compared with other groups. Furthermore, the ovarian function was ameliorated and angiogenesis was promoted through regulating the PI3K/AKT pathway.ConclusionOur results suggested that 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary had great potential for restoring impaired ovarian function of rats with POI, which could compensate for the disadvantages of drug-free IVA to some extent. More... »

PAGES

347

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13287-022-03035-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13287-022-03035-3

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149784359

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35883196


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        "description": "BackgroundEmerging drug-free in vitro activation (IVA) technique enables patients with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) to restore ovarian function and conceive their own genetic offspring. However, various issues have greatly restricted its clinical application. Transplantation of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) has promising roles in restoring ovarian function of rats with POI, but insufficient retention has greatly hampered their efficiency. Here, we designed a 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary composed of drug-free IVA and ADSCs, which may prolong the retention of ADSCs and construct an early vascular microenvironment, thus compensating for the disadvantages of drug-free IVA to some extent and ameliorating impaired ovarian function in the POI rats.MethodsAfter intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide, the POI model rats were randomized into 5 groups: (1) POI group; (2) ovarian fragments group; (3) 3D scaffold combined with ovarian fragments group; (4) ovarian fragments combined with ADSCs group; (5) 3D scaffold with ADSCs combined with ovarian fragments as 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary group. Normal rats were identified as the control group. The localization of CM-Dil-labeled ADSCs and co-localization with CD31 were observed to examine the distribution and underlying mechanism of differentiation. Histomorphological and immunohistochemical analyses were performed to calculate follicle number and assess proliferation and apoptosis of granulosa cells (GCs). Immunofluorescence staining was used to evaluate angiogenesis. Hormone levels were measured to evaluate the restoration of endocrine axis. Western blot analysis and RT-PCR were conducted to explore the potential mechanism.ResultsCM-Dil-labeled ADSCs were distributed in the interstitium of ovaries and had significantly higher retention in the 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary group. Several regions of the co-staining for CM-Dil and CD31 were in the area of vascular endothelial cells. Meanwhile, the follicle counts, GCs proliferation, neoangiogenesis, and hormone levels were significantly improved in the 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary group, as compared with other groups. Furthermore, the ovarian function was ameliorated and angiogenesis was promoted through regulating the PI3K/AKT pathway.ConclusionOur results suggested that 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary had great potential for restoring impaired ovarian function of rats with POI, which could compensate for the disadvantages of drug-free IVA to some extent.", 
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    34 schema:description BackgroundEmerging drug-free in vitro activation (IVA) technique enables patients with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) to restore ovarian function and conceive their own genetic offspring. However, various issues have greatly restricted its clinical application. Transplantation of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) has promising roles in restoring ovarian function of rats with POI, but insufficient retention has greatly hampered their efficiency. Here, we designed a 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary composed of drug-free IVA and ADSCs, which may prolong the retention of ADSCs and construct an early vascular microenvironment, thus compensating for the disadvantages of drug-free IVA to some extent and ameliorating impaired ovarian function in the POI rats.MethodsAfter intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide, the POI model rats were randomized into 5 groups: (1) POI group; (2) ovarian fragments group; (3) 3D scaffold combined with ovarian fragments group; (4) ovarian fragments combined with ADSCs group; (5) 3D scaffold with ADSCs combined with ovarian fragments as 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary group. Normal rats were identified as the control group. The localization of CM-Dil-labeled ADSCs and co-localization with CD31 were observed to examine the distribution and underlying mechanism of differentiation. Histomorphological and immunohistochemical analyses were performed to calculate follicle number and assess proliferation and apoptosis of granulosa cells (GCs). Immunofluorescence staining was used to evaluate angiogenesis. Hormone levels were measured to evaluate the restoration of endocrine axis. Western blot analysis and RT-PCR were conducted to explore the potential mechanism.ResultsCM-Dil-labeled ADSCs were distributed in the interstitium of ovaries and had significantly higher retention in the 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary group. Several regions of the co-staining for CM-Dil and CD31 were in the area of vascular endothelial cells. Meanwhile, the follicle counts, GCs proliferation, neoangiogenesis, and hormone levels were significantly improved in the 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary group, as compared with other groups. Furthermore, the ovarian function was ameliorated and angiogenesis was promoted through regulating the PI3K/AKT pathway.ConclusionOur results suggested that 3D-bioprinted engineering ovary had great potential for restoring impaired ovarian function of rats with POI, which could compensate for the disadvantages of drug-free IVA to some extent.
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