Bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells for diabetes therapy: touch, fuse, and fix? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-07-26

AUTHORS

Zahra Azizi, Roya Abbaszadeh, Roxana Sahebnasagh, Amir Norouzy, Elahe Motevaseli, Kathrin Maedler

ABSTRACT

Bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) have anti-inflammatory and pro-survival properties. Naturally, they do not express human leukocyte antigen class II surface antigens and have immunosuppressive capabilities. Together with their relatively easy accessibility and expansion, they are an attractive tool for organ support in transplantation and regenerative therapy. Autologous BM-MSC transplantation alone or together with transplanted islets improves β-cell function, graft survival, and glycemic control in diabetes. Albeit MSCs’ capacity to transdifferentiate into β-cell is limited, their protective effects are mediated mainly by paracrine mechanisms through BM-MSCs circulating through the body. Direct cell–cell contact and spontaneous fusion of BM-MSCs with injured cells, although at a very low rate, are further mechanisms of their supportive effect and for tissue regeneration. Diabetes is a disease of long-term chronic inflammation and cell therapy requires stable, highly functional cells. Several tools and protocols have been developed by mimicking natural fusion events to induce and accelerate fusion in vitro to promote β-cell-specific gene expression in fused cells. BM-MSC-islet fusion before transplantation may be a strategy for long-term islet survival and improved function. This review discusses the cell-protective and anti-inflammatory characteristics of BM-MSCs to boost highly functional insulin-producing cells in vitro and in vivo, and the efficacy of their fusion with β-cells as a path to promote β-cell regeneration. More... »

PAGES

348

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13287-022-03028-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13287-022-03028-2

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149784466

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35883121


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