Induced pluripotent stem cell-derived endothelial progenitor cells attenuate ischemic acute kidney injury and cardiac dysfunction View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12-10

AUTHORS

Wen-Ching Shen, Yu-Hsiang Chou, Hsiang-Po Huang, Jenn-Feng Sheen, Shih-Chieh Hung, Hsin-Fu Chen

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a major cause of acute kidney injury (AKI), which is associated with high morbidity and mortality. AKI is a serious and costly medical condition. Effective therapy for AKI is an unmet clinical need, and molecular mechanisms underlying the interactions between an injured kidney and distant organs remain unclear. Therefore, novel therapeutic strategies should be developed. METHODS: We directed the differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells into endothelial progenitor cells (iEPCs), which were then applied for treating mouse AKI. The mouse model of AKI was induced by I/R injury. RESULTS: We discovered that intravenously infused iEPCs were recruited to the injured kidney, expressed the mature endothelial cell marker CD31, and replaced injured endothelial cells. Moreover, infused iEPCs produced abundant proangiogenic proteins, which entered into circulation. In AKI mice, blood urea nitrogen and plasma creatinine levels increased 2 days after I/R injury and reduced after the infusion of iEPCs. Tubular injury, cell apoptosis, and peritubular capillary rarefaction in injured kidneys were attenuated accordingly. In the AKI mice, iEPC therapy also ameliorated apoptosis of cardiomyocytes and cardiac dysfunction, as indicated by echocardiography. The therapy also ameliorated an increase in serum brain natriuretic peptide. Regarding the relevant mechanisms, indoxyl sulfate and interleukin-1β synergistically induced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes. Systemic iEPC therapy downregulated the proapoptotic protein caspase-3 and upregulated the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 in the hearts of the AKI mice, possibly through the reduction of indoxyl sulfate and interleukin-1β. CONCLUSIONS: Therapy using human iPS cell-derived iEPCs provided a protective effect against ischemic AKI and remote cardiac dysfunction through the repair of endothelial cells and the attenuation of cardiomyocyte apoptosis. More... »

PAGES

344

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s13287-018-1092-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13287-018-1092-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110518222

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30526689


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